Scientific Name
Carassius cuvieri  
Carassius cuvieri高身鯽
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Temminck & Schlegel, 1846 Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 高身鯽 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 日本鯽 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 日本鯽、高身鯽、鯽仔、屈氏鯽 
Distribution in World Japan   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、HenChun Semiiland、East 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Carassius auratus caviers, Carassius auratus cuvieri, Carassius carassius cuvieri   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0058550. ASIZP0068830. ASIZP0069279. ASIZP0070794. FRIP00186. FRIP21159. NMNSF01067. NTHUB02746. NTMP1403.  
Common Name Golden carp; Japanese crucian carp 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Head large, broadly triangular. Snout short, blunt. Eye moderately large, interorbital space broad. Mouth arched, slightly oblique; lips thick. Body compressed, belly rounded, body depth high; dorsal profile conspicuously arched; caudal peduncle thick and short. Barbels absent. Scales cycloid, large; lateral line complete; head naked. L.l.:29-33; dorsal fin rays:IV, 15-18; pelvic fin rays:1+8; anal fin rays:III, 4-5; last simple dorsal and anal ray serrated posteriorly. Dorsal fin base long. Dorsal fin origin above pelvic fin origin; pectoral fin end reaches pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; caudal fin forked.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers slow running water at lower and middle reaches, can be found in lakes, ponds, canals, and backwaters of rivers. Polyphagia, feed on a wild range of food, including plants, diatom, crustacean and aquatic insects. Grow up ra 
Distribution Endemic to Japan. Populations of Taiwan were introduced. 
Utility Used as common food.