Scientific Name
Culter alburnus  
Pronounce  
Culter alburnus翹嘴鮊
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Basilewsky, 1855 Depth 3 - 20M
Chinese 翹嘴鮊 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 翹嘴鮊 
Max Length 80 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 曲腰魚、翹嘴仔、翹頭仔、總統魚、巴力、翹嘴紅鮊、青木鮊 
Distribution in World   Distribution in Taiwan Middle、South 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Rivers draining to the Gulf of Tschili, China 
Synonyms Culter brevicauda, Culter recurviceps, Erythroculter aokii   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳義雄,方力行 1999 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 
Specimen List ASIZP0075187. ASIZP0075188. ASIZP0075189. ASIZP0806663. ASIZP0806664. ASIZP0806665. ASIZP0916663. ASIZP0916664. ASIZP0916665. BMNH1865.10.29.29Lectotype. BMNH1865.10.29.30-32Paralectotype. NMNSF00902. NMNSF00906. NMNSF01181. SU18234.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Lookup; Grass carp 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     NT 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::NT
Characteristic Head compressed, roof of head flat. Snout blunt, longer than eye diameter. Eye large; interorbital space narrow and flat. Mouth superior, lower jaw protrudes upward. Barbels absent. Body elongated, slender and compressed, dorsal profile flat; keel extends from pelvic fin origin to anus. Scales small, cycloid, lateral line complete. L.l.:81-88; dorsal fin rays:3+7; pectoral fin rays:1+15-16; pelvic fin rays:1+8; anal fin rays:3+21-24. Dorsal fin origin at midline between snout tip and caudal peduncle end; pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; anal fin concave; caudal fin forked, lower lob slightly longer than upper. Dark grayish dorsally, silvery white ventrally, all fins dark grayish.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers slow running and still water at lower and middle reaches, occur in ponds, lakes and large-sized rivers, grow up rapidly. Carnivorous, feeds on small fishes, crustacean and aquatic insects. 
Distribution Extensively distributed Vietnam to Siberia. Used to be found in southwestern Taiwan, some had been introduced to northern drainages. 
Utility Commercial fishery and common food.