Scientific Name
Pseudorasbora parva  
Pseudorasbora parva羅漢魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) Depth 0 - 5M
Chinese 羅漢魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F102 Cyprinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 麥穗魚 
Max Length 11 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 麥穗魚、尖嘴仔、車栓仔、尖嘴魚仔 
Distribution in World Taiwan、Japan、East Asia Continent   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、HenChun Semiiland、East 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Fundulus virescens, Leuciscus parvus, Micraspius mianowskii, Pseudorasbora altipinna, Pseudorasbora depressirostris, Pseudorasbora fowleri, Pseudorasbora monstrosa, Pseudorasbora parva parvula, Pseudorasbora parva tenuis, Pseudorasbora parvus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999);臺灣淡水魚類-壹 鯉形目(陳&張, 2005)  Okada, Y. etc. 1957 Hikita, T. 1964 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Banarescu, P.M. (ed.) 1999 陳義雄,方力行 1999 陳義雄, 張詠青, 邵廣昭 2005 
Specimen List ASIZP0057060. ASIZP0057065. ASIZP0057581. ASIZP0057998. ASIZP0058548. ASIZP0065697. ASIZP0065721. ASIZP0065738. ASIZP0068774. ASIZP0074505. ASIZP0074888. ASIZP0074920. ASIZP0801308. ASIZP0801309. ASIZP0801310. ASIZP0911308. ASIZP0911309. ASIZP0911310. BMNH1884.5.15.36-37. FRIP00916. NMMBP01959. NMMBP01965. NMMBP01972. NMMBP02922. NMMBP05930. NMMBP05967. NMMBP05977. NMMSTP00663. NMNSF00016. NMNSF00051. NMNSF00091. NMNSF00153. NMNSF00157. NMNSF00696. NMNSF00754. NMNSF00772. NMNSF00806. ...List all 121 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Stone moroco; Topmouth gudgeon; Topmouth minnow; Stone morokos; Stone moroko 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     LC 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::LC
Characteristic Head moderately small, pointed. Snout short, protractile. Eye large, interorbital space broad. Mouth small, superior, lower jaw longer than upper; barbels absent. Body elongated, slender, slightly compressed, belly rounded; dorsal profile slightly arched; caudal peduncle slender. Scales moderately large, cycloid, lateral line complete. L.l.:35-38; dorsal fin rays:3+7; pectoral fin rays:1+12-14; pelvic fin rays:1+7-9; anal fin rays:3+6. Dorsal fin origin above pelvic fin origin; pectoral fin end distant from pelvic fin origin; pectoral and pelvic fins at lower side of body; caudal fin forked. Grayish dorsally, silvery white ventrally. Distal margin of scales dark. Sexually dichromatic, a conspicuously dark stripe on side of female and the young from snout tip to caudal peduncle end, absent in male.
habitats Primary freshwater fish, prefers slow running and still water at lower and middle reaches, common in ponds, lakes, canals, swamps and backwater of rivers. Eggs laid on surfaces of water vegetation and stones, guarded by male. Polyphagia, feeds on water ve 
Distribution Extensively distributed to eastern Asia, can be found in whole island of Taiwan. 
Utility Common food. Potential ornamental species.