Scientific Name
Malacocephalus laevis  
Malacocephalus laevis滑軟首鱈
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lowe, 1843) Depth 200 - 1000M
Chinese 滑軟首鱈 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鼠尾鱈科 Economic Fish No 
Family F215 Macrouridae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 滑軟首鱈 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 軟頭條鱈、鱈魚 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos  Holotype Locality Off Madeira 
Synonyms Macrourus laevis, Macrurus laevis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);邱美倫(2002)碩士論文;Fishbase(2003)  Lowe, R. T. 1843 Okamura, O. 1970 Okamura, O. 1970 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0058031. ASIZP0060015. ASIZP0061312. ASIZP0061313. ASIZP0061314. ASIZP0062331. ASIZP0065517. ASIZP0065597. ASIZP0070615. ASIZP0072916. ASIZP0805541. ASIZP0915541. FRIP00669. NMMBP02883. NMMBP06174. NMMSTP00907. NMNSF00348. NMNSF00996. NTOU-AE6128.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Softhead grenadier; Smooth headed rattail; Armed grenadier 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Interorbital width (usually 30 to 33% of head length) equal to or shorter than orbit diameter, snout 26 to 31% of head length; distance from orbit to preopercle angle 41 to 47% of head length. Two distinct rows of teeth on premaxillae; 1 wide-spaced row of canines on mandible. Usually a patch of scales on gular membrane; inner gill rakers on first rakers on first arch 11 to 14 total. Sorsal fin spine smooth; first sorsal fin with 2 spines and 9 to 13 rays; pectoral fin rays i15 to i21.
habitats Benthopelagic fishes in the deep sea. A rare species of macrourids from the upper continental slope off northwestern Taiwan at depths between 300m and 700m. Food of these fishes consists of a wide range of fish and both benthic and pelagic invertebrates. 
Distribution Warm water of Atlantic and Indian Ocean; also possibly off Baja California. Northeastern Taiwan, Nanfanao, 24°32, 20' N 122°30, 20'E; Tungkang, 22∘12,93'N120∘30,59'E.