Scientific Name
Ventrifossa nigrodorsalis  
Ventrifossa nigrodorsalis黑背鰭凹腹鱈
by: Kwang-Tsao Shao
Author Gilbert & Hubbs, 1920 Depth 270 - 700M
Chinese 黑背鰭凹腹鱈 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鼠尾鱈科 Economic Fish No 
Family F215 Macrouridae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 黑背鰭凹腹鱈 
Max Length 34 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 鱈魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos  Holotype Locality Off northern coast of Mindanao, Philippines, 8°37'37"N, 124°35'E, Albatross station 5502, depth 214 fathoms 
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);邱美倫(2002)碩士論文;Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Gilbert, C.H. etc. 1920 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0057974. ASIZP0066903. ASIZP0067969. ASIZP0068041. ASIZP0068314. ASIZP0070715. ASIZP0700133. ASIZP0700177. ASIZP0803730. ASIZP0803802. ASIZP0913730. ASIZP0913802. NTUM02155. NTUM06124. USNM00149460Paratype.  
Common Name Spinaker grenadier 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Teeth small, in broad bands in premaxillae, outer series slightly enlarged; mandibular teeth in a rather narrow band about 3 or 4 teeth wide laterally. Inner fill rakers on first arch 13 to 15 total. First dorsal with 2 spines and 9 or 10 rays, second spinous ray finely serrated; pectoral fin rays i18 to i22 (rarely 23); pelvic fin rays 8 or 9(usually 8). Measurements in percentages of head length: snout length 26 to 32; preoral length 14 to 21; orbit diameter 29 to 33; interorbital space 21 to 28; distance orbit to angle of preopercle 40 to 45; length upper jaw 37 to 42; barbel length 18 to 23; length of outer gill slit 20 to 24; body depth under origin of first sorsal 77 to 93; length of pectoral fin 48 to 67. Scales medium-sized, uniformly covered with slender, sharp, conical reclined spinules in widely divergent v rows or quincunx order; scale rows below origin of second dorsal fin 6.5 to 8; lateral-line scales over a distance equal to predorsal length 36 to 43. Snout with a black margin along leading edge, extending posteriorly onto suborbital shelf but not over supranarial and median nasal ridges; first sorsal fin with a large black blotch across middle.
habitats Benthopelagic fishes in the deep sea. A rare species of macrourids from the upper continental slope off northwestern Taiwan at depths between 400m and 800m. Food of these fishes consists of a wide range of fish and both benthic and pelagic invertebrates. 
Distribution Southern Japan, Taiwan, Philippines, and part of Indonesia. Northeastern Taiwan, Tungkang, 22∘12,93'N120∘30,59'E.  
Utility NULL