Scientific Name
Doryrhamphus excisus  
Doryrhamphus excisus藍帶矛吻海龍
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Kaup, 1856 Depth 0 - 45M
Chinese 藍帶矛吻海龍 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 海龍科 Economic Fish No 
Family F295 Syngnathidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 波斯灣矛吻海龍 
Max Length 7 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 黑腹海龍、海龍 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pan_Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、ShaoLiuChew、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea 
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2005);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054922. ASIZP0056533. ASIZP0058517. NMMSTP00683. NTOUP200801-049. NTOUP200801-054. NTUM03840. NTUM04218.  
Common Name Pipefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body typically slender and elongate, without scales, encased in a series of bony rings. Snout with 1-5 dorsolateral rows of spines on each side median dorsal ridge, pouch flods present in adult males. Superior trunk and tail ridges discontinuous; inferior trunk ridge ends on anal ring; lateral trunk ridge confluent with inferior tail ridge. Median dorsal snout ridge low to moderately elevated, entired; opercle usually with a complete longitudinal ridge; scutella without longitudinal keels; without dermal flaps. Principal body ridges with one spine on eacg side. Subadult-adult males with one bony ventrolateral projection on the snout. Rings 17-19 + 13-17, darsal-fin rays 21-29, pectoral-fin rays 19-23. Usually with a broad dark lateral sripe on the body, the dorsum, lower half of side and venter of trunk largely pale.
habitats Uncommon, cryptic species, prefers crevices in rocks and corals and areas beneath ledges. Occurs in lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of 45 m or more. Often seen in pairs. Uses its tubelike snout to ingest small crustaceans and plankton. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-Pacific and Eastern Pacific from Persian Gulf and East Africa to the west coast of the Americas, north to Japan. It is found in sourthern Taiwanese waters; and Lyudao, southeastern Taiwan and Siao Liouciou, southwestern Taiwan. 
Utility No commercial value.