Scientific Name
Halicampus grayi  
Halicampus grayi葛氏海蠋魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Kaup, 1856 Depth 0 - 100M
Chinese 葛氏海蠋魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 海龍科 Economic Fish No 
Family F295 Syngnathidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 葛氏海蠋魚 
Max Length 20 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 葛氏海龍、海龍 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality India and Australia 
Synonyms Corythoichthys flavofasciatus conspicillatus, Halicampus conspicillatus, Halicampus gray, Halicampus koilomatodon, Syngnathus koilomatodon, Syngnathus trachypoma, Trachyrhamphus caba   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2005);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0055353. ASIZP0055562. ASIZP0064374. ASIZP0070457. GCRL13870. NMNSF00511. NTMP0853. NTUM04219.  
Common Name Spiny pipefish; Gray's pipefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body typically slender and elongate, without scales, encased in a series of bony rings. Snout short. Superior trunk and tail ridges discontinuous, the trunk ridge sometimes arches dorsad on subdorsal rings; inferior trunk ridge ends at anal ring; lateral trunk ridge confluent with inferior tail ridge. Median dorsal snout ridge with spines and spinules, discontinuous; lateral snout spines present; dorsal rim of orbit not elevated strongly; opercle with a complete longitudinal ridge; scutella without longitudinal keels; dermal flaps present. Rings 17-18 + 32-37, darsal-fin rays 19-22, pectoral-fin rays 15-20. Body brownish, with indications of 12-14 diffuse dark bars on side and dorsum of body; ofter with a diffuse dark blotch on side of 12th-13th trunk ring; opercle and gill membrane usually barred or blotched with pale.
habitats Lives in muddy habitats, often covered with silt and extremely well-camouflaged. Planktonic specimens taken in the upper 0 to 100 m over depths to at least 2980 m while the demersal fish have been taken in SCUBA and trawl collections from 9 to 91.4 m. Mal 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Gulf of Aden, off Sri Lanka, and from the Gulf of Thailand and Australia to Kyûshû Islands, Japan. It is found in southwestern and northeastern Taiwanese waters, and Siao Liouciou, southwestern Taiwan. 
Utility No commercial value.