Scientific Name
Hippocampus spinosissimus  
Hippocampus spinosissimus棘海馬
by: ©Lourie, Sara A./Project Seahorse
Author Weber, 1913 Depth 0 - 70M
Chinese 棘海馬 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 海龍科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F295 Syngnathidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 棘海馬 
Max Length 16 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 海馬 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Sapeh Strait, Indonesia, Siboga station 49, depth 70 meters 
Synonyms Hippocampus aimei, Hippocampus arnei, Hippocampus histrix   
Reference Fishbase(2005); Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation.. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p.  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Lourie, S. A., A. C. J. Vincent etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0053856. ASIZP0055765. ASIZP0058216. ASIZP0058527. ASIZP0060785. ASIZP0073310. ASIZP0073311. ASIZP0073312. ASIZP0074542. ASIZP0805785. ASIZP0805786. ASIZP0805787. ASIZP0915785. ASIZP0915786. ASIZP0915787.  
Common Name Hedgehog seahorse 
Redlist Status VU IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU) A4cd 2003-04-30  CITES Appendix 2 CITES Appendix 2 
Characteristic Rings: 11+40-41 (38-43). Snout length: 2.2 (1.9-2.4) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 20 (18-22) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 17-18 (16-19). Coronet: very low, in line with arch of neck, visible as five tiny points. Spines: low and small to slightly raised. Other distinctive characters: very sharp hook-like cheek and eye spines; quite flat in appearance; narrow head; no nose spine. Color pattern: golden orange, sandy colored or totally black; may have large dark spots on the dorsolateral surface of the first, fourth and seventh trunk ring (less visible in dark specimens, and more common in males than females); some specimens "zebra striped" in brown and white.
habitats Inhabits gravel or sand bottoms around shallow reefs; muddy estuaries and near mangroves, tolerating brackish water.  
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from southern India to Japan, Australia and Tahiti. It is a common species in Taiwan except eastern part. 
Utility International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04).