Scientific Name
Hippocampus trimaculatus  
Hippocampus trimaculatus三斑海馬
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Leach, 1814 Depth 0 - 100M
Chinese 三斑海馬 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 海龍科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F295 Syngnathidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 三斑海馬 
Max Length 17 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 海馬 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Indian and Chinese Seas 
Synonyms Hippocampus dahli, Hippocampus kampylotrachelos, Hippocampus lenis, Hippocampus manadensis, Hippocampus mannulus, Hippocampus planifrons, Hippocampus takakurae   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase(2005);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Kim, I.S. etc. 1995 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0055357. ASIZP0055358. ASIZP0055361. ASIZP0055764. ASIZP0059823. ASIZP0060786. ASIZP0061708. ASIZP0062928. ASIZP0063290. ASIZP0067199. ASIZP0068263. ASIZP0070556. ASIZP0071178. ASIZP0072768. ASIZP0072960. ASIZP0073307. ASIZP0073308. ASIZP0073309. ASIZP0073325. ASIZP0073326. ASIZP0073327. ASIZP0074506. ASIZP0074570. ASIZP0076196. ASIZP0078451. ASIZP0078452. ASIZP0078453. ASIZP0079042. ASIZP0080141. ASIZP0802090. ASIZP0804024. ASIZP0805585. ASIZP0805782. ASIZP0805783. ASIZP0805784. ASIZP0805800. ASIZP0805801. ...List all 72 records... 
Barcode2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Three-spot seahorse; Three-spotted Seahorse; Flat-faced seahorse; Low-crowned seahorse; Longnose seahorse 
Redlist Status VU IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU) A4cd 2003-04-30  CITES Appendix 2 CITES Appendix 2 
Characteristic Rings: 11+40-41 (38-43). Snout length: 2.2 (1.9-2.4) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 20 (18-22) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 17-18 (16-19). Coronet: very low, in line with arch of neck, visible as five tiny points. Spines: low and small to slightly raised. Other distinctive characters: very sharp hook-like cheek and eye spines; quite flat in appearance; narrow head; no nose spine. Color pattern: golden orange, sandy colored or totally black; may have large dark spots on the dorsolateral surface of the first, fourth and seventh trunk ring (less visible in dark specimens, and more common in males than females); some specimens "zebra striped" in brown and white.
habitats Inhabits gravel or sand bottoms around shallow reefs; muddy estuaries and near mangroves, tolerating brackish water. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from southern India to Japan, Australia and Tahiti. It is a common species in Taiwan except eastern part. 
Utility International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04).