Scientific Name
Chanos chanos  
Chanos chanos虱目魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 0 - 80M
Chinese 虱目魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 虱目魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F098 Chanidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 遮目魚 
Max Length 180 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 海草魚、遮目魚、殺目魚、安平魚、國姓魚、麻虱目仔、虱目魚(臺東)、虱目(澎湖)、麻虱目(澎湖)、狀元魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea 
Synonyms Butirinus argenteus, Butirinus maderaspatensis, Channo chanos, Chanos arabicus, Chanos chloropterus, Chanos cyprinella, Chanos gardineri, Chanos indicus, Chanos lubina, Chanos mento, Chanos mossambicus, Chanos nuchalis, Chanos orientalis ...all 32..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-鱘形目;海鰱目;鯡形目及鼠鱚目(張, 2001)  Forsskål, P. 1775 Robert W. Hiatt 1947 Arai, R. etc. 1975 Liao, I.C. etc. 1979 Buri, P. 1980 Lin, L.T. 1984 Taki, Y. etc. 1986 Tzeng, W. N. etc. 1992 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 張世義 編著 2001 Lin, M.C., H.Y. Lin, H.H. Cheng, Y.C. Chen, C.M. Liao, K.T. Shao 2005 
Specimen List ASIZP0057576. ASIZP0058436. ASIZP0058459. ASIZP0058543. ASIZP0064689. ASIZP0064745. ASIZP0064754. ASIZP0064760. ASIZP0064893. ASIZP0068784. ASIZP0068791. ASIZP0068793. ASIZP0068795. ASIZP0070397. ASIZP0074700. ASIZP0078334. ASIZP0079326. ASIZP0700244. ASIZP0800285. ASIZP0800286. ASIZP0800287. ASIZP0800311. ASIZP0800318. ASIZP0807238. ASIZP0917238. FRIP00218. FRIP00219. FRIP20274. FRIP20363. FRIP21226. FWOO889-T. mnhn1989-0670. MTP0070. NMMBP04209. NMMBP04234. NMMBP04360. NMMBP04465. ...List all 55 records... 
Barcode2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-12-31,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,97% 2015-12-31,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2015-12-31,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Salmon herring; Bangos; Bony salmon; Milkfish; Milk fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongate, moderately compressed. Eye covered by adipose tissue. Mouth small, terminal, without teeth. Branchiostegal rays only 4. Gill rakers fine and numerous. Fins without spines; dorsal fin with 13 to 17 rays, about midpoint of body; anal fin short, with 9 to 11 rays, close to caudal fin; caudal fin large and deeply forked. Scales small and smooth, 75 to 91 on lateral line. Body silvery on belly and sides, grading to olive-green or blue on back; dorsal, anal, and caudal fins with dark margin; peritoneum black.
habitats Adults occur in small to large schools near the coasts or around islands where reefs are well developed. Eggs and larvae are pelagic up to 2-3 weeks. Older larvae migrate onshore and settle in coastal wetlands (mangroves, estuaries) during the juvenile st 
Distribution Widely distributed in Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and South Africa to Hawaii and the Marquesas, north to Japan, south to Victoria, Australia. And Eastern Pacific from San Pedro, California to the Galapagos. It is a very common species in Taiwan, especially  
Utility Marketed fresh, smoked, canned and frozen, or made into fish balls.