Scientific Name
Gigantactis elsmani  
Gigantactis elsmani艾氏巨棘鮟鱇
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bertelsen, Pietsch & Lavenberg, 1981 Depth 0 - 3000M
Chinese 艾氏巨棘鮟鱇 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 巨棘鮟鱇科 Economic Fish No 
Family F243 Gigantactinidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 艾氏大角鮟鱇 
Max Length 39.6 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 艾氏巨棘角鮟鱇、深海鮟鱇 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan North East 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality South Atlantic, 10°57'S, 11°20'W, Walther Herwig station 459/71, depth 0-1900 meters 
Reference 何宣慶(2002)碩士論文;Fishbase(2003);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Bertelsen, E., T. W. Pietsch etc. 1981 v.v.Fedorov 1994 Nakabo T. 2002 何宣慶 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0061800. ASIZP0065436.  
Common Name Elsman's whipnose angler 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body elongated and compressed; skin spinulose, darkly pigmented; eye small; illicium length in 93-105%SL; escal bulb with a pair of elongated lateral appendages on the bsae, 1-2 pair of long appendages and many short filaments on the tip, without prolongation and papillae; premaxilla with 1-2 series small teeth, the longest in 1.2%SL; lower jaws with 5 series strong teeth, the longest in 2.8%SL; caudal fin short, unbranched, the longest ray 21-27%SL; the proximal 1/3 to 1/2 of the caudal fin ray covered with undivided skin with numerous spinules, the fin rays are separated nearly to the bases. D 5; A 5; P 16-17; C 8. Longest caudal fin rays (2nd and 7 th) 21-23 in % SL.
habitats Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous. Adults are meso- and bathypelagic. Ma 
Distribution Rarely distributed in Southeast Atlantic and West Pacific Ocaen. It is rare in Taiwan occurring from northeastern off Yilan. 
Utility No commercial value.