Scientific Name
Malthopsis kobayashii
Malthopsis kobayashii 密刺海蝠魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Tanaka, 1916 Depth 100 - 300M
Chinese 密刺海蝠魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 蝙蝠魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F233 Ogcocephalidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China  
Max Length 10 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 棘茄魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、South West、North East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality off Ise, Mie Prefecture, Japan 
Synonyms Malthopsis luteus   
Reference Ho & Shao, 2010, Journal of the National Taiwan Museum, 63(3):1-18. Ho & Koeda, 2019, Zootaxa, 4702(1):73-86. 
Specimen List
Common Name Kobayashi's seabat 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body depressed, disk triangular. Rostrum pointed, upturned, with long horn-shaped tubercular. Illicial cavity narrow with a trianglur opeoing; mouth small, overhung by rostrum. Illicium short; esca a single dorsal bulb. Tooth villiform band on jaws, vomer, palatines and tongue. Gill 2, holobranchs on arches 2 and 3. Membranes connecting pectoral pedicels with trunk; skin tough, cover with large bony bucklers; ventral surface cover with numerous dermal spinules between backlers. Subopercular spines well-developed, none directed forward. Caudal slightly rounded; longest anal fin ray not beyond base of caudal. Dorsal without black ring-like markings; body yellowish-brown, ventral pale.
habitats Habits in the marine bathydemersal. They are awkward, walking on the bottom on their large armlike pectoral fins and smaller pelvic fins. 
Distribution Widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific ocean form south Africa, Philippines, to Indonisia and Japan. It is a common species occurring in the eastern and southwestern Taiwan off Yilan to Pingtung. 
Utility No commercial value.