Scientific Name
Planiliza alata
Planiliza alata寶石鮻
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Steindachner, 1892) Depth 0 - 40M
Chinese 寶石鮻 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯔科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F245 Mugilidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 寶石鮻 
Max Length 75 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 豆仔魚、烏仔、烏仔魚、烏魚、竹筒鮻 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、North East 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Madagascar rivers and Antananarivo Bay, Madagascar 
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List
Common Name Basket mullet; Diamond mullet; So-iuy mullet 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately deep, but elongate, and compressed at caudal peduncle. Head usually as wide as deep, dorsally flattened. Snout longer than eye diameter and more or less pointed. Upper lip with outer row of very small, close-set, unicuspid teeth and an inner band of up to 5 irregular rows of smaller teeth; inner band well spaced from outer row. Lower lip directed forwards with minute ciliiform teeth present or absent. Vomer edentate. Adipose eyefold poorly developed as rim around eye. Gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch 64 to 79, shorter than longest gill filaments. Origin of first dorsal fin more or less midway between tip of snout and base of caudal fin, or slightly nearer snout; anal fin with III spines and 9 soft rays; caudal fin deeply forked. Ctenoid scales in longitudinal series 29 to 32; 10 to 12 in transverse series; 7 scales in longitudinal series anterior to tip of pectoral fins and 19 to 22 anterior to origin of second dorsal fin; 16 scales in transverse series entirely around caudal peduncle. Body light brown dorsally, flanks silvery, abdomen whitish; scales on flanks, especially upper part of body, with dark margins giving reticulate appearance, and with dark horizontal streak; first dorsal fin hyaline with olive spines; second dorsal and pectoral fins grey; anal and caudal fins dusky with yellow or orange margin; pelvic fins bright yellow or orange.
habitats Occurs in coastal waters and estuaries; sometimes ascending rivers into freshwater. Prefers slow moving waters or still lagoons. Often found in turbid water, over muddy substrates, and with well-substantiated aquatic vegetation. Feeds on microalgae, detri 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from East Africa south to Algoa Bay, South Africa, Madagascar, northern Australia (Timor Sea), Taiwan, New Guinea and Tonga. It is found in coastal waters and estuaries of northern and southern Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh.