Scientific Name
Planiliza macrolepis
Planiliza macrolepis大鱗鮻
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Smith, 1846) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 大鱗鮻 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鯔科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F245 Mugilidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大鱗鮻 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 豆仔魚、烏仔、烏仔魚、烏魚、大鱗鮻、粗鱗烏(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Rivers and fresh water lakes, South Africa 
Synonyms Liza akame, Liza alata, Liza macrolepis, Liza melinoptera, Liza parsia, Liza parva, Liza pescadorensis, Liza subviridis, Liza troscheli, Liza troschelli, Mugil borneënsis, Mugil borneensis, Mugil macrolepis ...all 21..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)  Smith, J. L. B. 1946 褚耀鈺 1991 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 
Specimen List
Common Name Big scale liza; Borneo mullet; Large scale mullet; Large-scale mullet; Mullet; Large-scaled mullet; Largescale mullet 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately robust. Head depth equal to or greater than width; head flattened dorsally. Snout length less than or equal to eye diameter, moderately pointed. Upper lip with outer row of very close-set, small, peg-like unicuspid teeth, forming fine comb; 1 or 2 irregular rows of smaller, more wide-set teeth; inner rows well spaced from outer row. Lower lip directed forwards with small villiform teeth present or absent. Vomer toothed. Adipose eyefold poorly developed as rim around eye or absent. Gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch 35 to 78, shorter than longest gill filament. Origin of first dorsal fin closer to base of caudal fin than tip of snout; anal fin with III spines and 9 soft rays; caudal fin emarginate. Ctenoid scales in longitudinal series 32 or 33; 10 or 11 in transverse series; 7 to 9 scales in longitudinal series anterior to tip of pectoral fins and 21 or 22 anterior to origin of second dorsal fin; 16 scales in transverse series entirely around caudal peduncle. Body greenish grey dorsally; flanks and abdomen silvery; fins grey or bluish with dusky margins and may appear yellowish at base; pectoral fins with golden base, and perhaps a dark spot.
habitats Occurs in shallow coastal waters, and from brackish water to freshwater regions of rivers. Forms schools; in larger aggregations during spawning, which takes place at sea. Feeds on small algae, diatoms, forams, benthic polychaetes, crustaceans, mollusks,  
Distribution Common throughout most of Indo-Pacific from East Africa and Red Sea toMarquesas and Tuamoto islands; north to Japan and Marianas Islands. It is very common species found in coastal waters and brackish water to freshwater regions of rivers of Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh.