Scientific Name
Benthosema fibulatum  
Benthosema fibulatum帶底燈魚
by: ©South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB)
Author (Gilbert & Cramer, 1897) Depth 0 - 2000M
Chinese 帶底燈魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燈籠魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F200 Myctophidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 帶底燈魚 
Max Length 10 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 燈籠魚、七星魚、光魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pan_Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Kaiwi Channel, Hawaiian Islands, 21°13'N, 157°43'37"W, Albatross station 3467, depth 310 fathoms 
Synonyms Benthosema fibulata, Benthosema pinchoti, Myctophum fibulatum, Myctophum hollandi, Myctophum renschi   
Reference A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002)  Gilbert, C. H. 1905 Wang, J. T.-M. etc. 2001 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 陳素芝 編著 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0062853. ASIZP0069471. ASIZP0069499. ASIZP0069637. ASIZP0069653. ASIZP0069689. ASIZP0070603. NMNSF01425.  
Common Name Gilbert and Cramer's lantern fish; Honolulu lantern fish; Spinycheek lanternfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. 13 (12); A. 19 (18); P. 15 (14); GR 6-7 +1 + 14-15, total 21-23; AO 6 (5-7) + 4 (3-5), total 11 (10-12) Opercular margin sharply angular posterodorsally, abruptly produced into a tapering projection posteriorly. Origin of dorsal fin behind vertical through base of outermost ray of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin under base of penultimate ray of dorsal fin. Base of adipose fin well in advance of vertical through end of base of anal fin. Pectoral fin long, extending to about second AOa, with upper end of its base about on level of ventral margin of orbit. Ventral fin short, not reaching anus. A very small Dn immediately posterodorsad to nasal apparatus. Op1 well developed, opposite middle of expanded portion of maxilla; Op2 somewhat behind vertical through posterior margin of Op1 and about on level of ventral margin of orbit. PLO well in advance of upper end of base of pectoral fin, partly or completely covered by operculum and 2-3 times its own diameter below lateral line. PO1 through PO4 gently arched; PO5 abruptly displaced dorsalaterally to a position in front of base of outermost ray of ventral fin. VLO distinctly nearer to lateral line than to base of ventral fin, its distance from latter 2-2.5 times as great as that between it and lateral line. SAO series widely angular; SAO1 slightly behind vertical through center of VO3, well below line connecting VLO with SAO2 and on or very slightly above line connecting VO2 with SAO2; second SAO about over origin of anal fin; SAO3 over AOa1-AOa2 interspace, in contact with lateral line. AOa1 slightly depressed, space between it and AOa2 usually a little wider than spaces between rest of organs of same series. AOp level and equidistant; AOp1 over or somewhat in advance of end of base of anal fin. Pol slightly behind vertical through center of last AOp and in contact with lateral line. Prc widely separated; Prc2 about its own diameter below level of lateral line.
habitats Benthopelagic and mesopelagic in slope and oceanic waters, but usually not high-oceanic. Occurs in the upper 200 m at night. Occasionally seen during dark nights on slopes that are near very deep water. Attracted by light like moths, becoming disoriented  
Distribution Off eastern and southern Taiwan; Indian Ocean: 18°N-20°S, to 42°S in the Agulhas Current. Pacific Ocean: 21°N-10°S.