Scientific Name
Benthosema pterotum  
Benthosema pterotum七星底燈魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Alcock, 1890) Depth 10 - 300M
Chinese 七星底燈魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燈籠魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F200 Myctophidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 七星底燈魚 
Max Length 7 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 燈籠魚、七星魚、光魚、鳥艾 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Madras coast, India, 18°30'N, 84°46'E, Investigator station 96, depth 98-102 fathoms 
Synonyms Benthosema pterota, Benthosema ptertum, Myctophum gilberti, Myctophum pterotum, Scopelus pterotum, Scopelus pterotus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002);A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Alcock, A. W. 1890 Ozawa, T. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Wang, J. T.-M. etc. 2001 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 陳素芝 編著 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0057131. ASIZP0058006. ASIZP0061179. ASIZP0061790. ASIZP0062188. ASIZP0062189. ASIZP0062190. ASIZP0062191. ASIZP0062778. ASIZP0063778. ASIZP0063900. ASIZP0066848. ASIZP0066854. ASIZP0070479. ASIZP0071997. ASIZP0072056. ASIZP0072093. ASIZP0072108. ASIZP0075459. ASIZP0075748. ASIZP0075770. ASIZP0075934. ASIZP0075936. ASIZP0076043. ASIZP0076054. ASIZP0076246. ASIZP0076414. ASIZP0076429. ASIZP0076445. ASIZP0076464. ASIZP0076477. ASIZP0076503. ASIZP0076618. ASIZP0077771. ASIZP0077873. ASIZP0078116. ASIZP0079070. ...List all 71 records... 
Barcode2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Skinnycheek lanternfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Operculum rounded posterodorsally, abruptly produced into a tapering projection posteriorly. Origin of dorsal fin behind vertical through base of outermost ray of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin under base of penultimate ray of dorsal fin. Base of adipose fin well in advance of vertical through end of base of anal fin. Pectoral fin long, extending to about second AOa, with upper end of its base about on level of ventral margin of orbit. Ventral fin short, not reaching anus. A very small Dn immediately posterodorsad to nasal apparatus. Op1 well developed, opposite middle of expanded portion of maxilla; Op2 somewhat behind vertical through posterior margin of Op1 and well above level of ventral margin of orbit. PLO midway between lateral line and base of pectoral fin or somewhat lower. PO1 through PO4 gently arched; PO5 abruptly displaced dorsalaterally to a position in front of base of outermost ray of ventral fin. VLO distinctly nearer to lateral line than to base of ventral fin, its distance from latter 2-2.5 times as great as that between it and lateral line. SAO series widely angular; SAO1 slightly behind vertical through center of VO3, on line connecting VLO with SAO2; second SAO about over origin of anal fin; SAO3 over AOa1-AOa2 interspace, in contact with lateral line. AOa1 slightly depressed, space between it and AOa2 usually a little wider than spaces between rest of organs of same series. AOp level and equidistant; AOp1 over or somewhat in advance of end of base of anal fin. Pol slightly behind vertical through center of last AOp and in contact with lateral line. Prc widely separated; Prc2 about its own diameter below level of lateral line. Mature males have a large SUGL and a smaller INGL. The former consists of four luminous scales, each completely surrounded by black pigment. INGL is located between the last AOp and the first Prc. INGL small, poor developed, luminous scale widely separated.
habitats Benthopelagic and mesopelagic in slope and near continental and island waters. Found in 130-300 m during the day and in 10-200 m at night. Feeds in the evening. Feeds on mainly on copepods and various crustacean larvae. 
Distribution Off southern and eastern Taiwan; Indo-West Pacific; Southeast Atlantic.