Scientific Name
Diaphus splendidus  
Diaphus splendidus亮眶燈魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Brauer, 1904) Depth 40 - 3872M
Chinese 亮眶燈魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燈籠魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F200 Myctophidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 光亮眶燈魚 
Max Length 9 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 燈籠魚、七星魚、光魚 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality 11 localities in Atlantic and Indian oceans 
Synonyms Diaphus scapulofulgens, Diaphus splendidum, Diaphus steadi, Diaphus vitiazi, Myctophum splendidum   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Brauer, A. 1904 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Wang, J. T.-M. etc. 2001 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0060224. ASIZP0063917. ASIZP0063919. ASIZP0063922. ASIZP0063923. ASIZP0066996. ASIZP0069688. ASIZP0069695. ASIZP0079315. ASIZP0900327. NMMBP00674. NMMBP05303. NMMBP05586. NMMBP05774. NMMBP05775. NMMBP06273. NMNSF00613.  
Barcode2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Lanternfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. 15(14); A. 16(17); P. 12(11); G.R. 5 + 1 + 11-12, total 17-18; AO 6 (5-7) + 6 (5-7), total 12 (11-13). Operculum rounded posterodorsally; poercular margin fast tapering into short, sharp point located somewhat above and interior to PLO. Anterior end of frontal supraorbital ridge produced into a forward directed strong spine. Origin of dorsal fin in advance of base of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin behind end of base of dorsal fin. Pectoral fins extending about to PO5. Ventral fins reaching anus. Base of adipose fin over end of base of anal fin. Dn well developed, round, directed forward, set in a rather deep recess immediately postero-dorsad to nasal apparatus; Vn well developed, its main bulk roughly triangular, situated at the antero-ventral aspect of the eye, extending dorsally in between eye and nasal apparatus in the form of a strand of luminous tissue, reaching Dn in mature females, growing beyond Dn, expanding and filling the males; posterior tip of Vn scarcely reaching vertical through anterior margin of pupil; a strand fo darkly pigment tissue between entire length of Vn and orbit, its thickest section found between anterior aspect of eye and nasal rosette. PLO midway between lateral line and base of pectoral fin or a little lower. VLO nearly twice as close to lateral line as to base of ventral fin. VO4, SAO1, SAO2 on a straight line; SAO3 slightly in front of vertical through origin of anal fin and in contact with lateral line. AOa1 about 2 times its diameter anterodorsad to AOa2; last AOa elevated. Pol in advance of base of adipose fin, in contact with lateral line. AOp over end of anal fin. Prc froming an arc with Prc3-Prc4 interspace often distinctly enlarged; Prc4 about 1.5 times its diameter below lateral line. A luminous scale at PLO, its size 3-4 times that of a body photophores.
habitats Mesopelagic 
Distribution Off southern and eastern Taiwan; Tropical Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans.