Scientific Name
Diaphus suborbitalis  
Diaphus suborbitalis眶下眶燈魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Weber, 1913 Depth 40 - 3240M
Chinese 眶下眶燈魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燈籠魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F200 Myctophidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 光腺眶燈魚 
Max Length 6 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 燈籠魚、七星魚、光魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Bali Sea, 7°35.4'S, 117°28.6'E, Indonesia, Siboga station 38, depth 521 meters 
Synonyms Diaphus glandulifer, Diaphus streetsi, Diaphus suborbitalisn   
Reference A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002)  Wang, J. T.-M. etc. 2001 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 陳素芝 編著 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0057135. ASIZP0059946. ASIZP0061032. ASIZP0061454. ASIZP0061484. ASIZP0061609. ASIZP0063918. ASIZP0064218. ASIZP0064265. ASIZP0065670. ASIZP0066737. ASIZP0066884. ASIZP0067246. ASIZP0067255. ASIZP0067260. ASIZP0069680. ASIZP0070472. ASIZP0070609. ASIZP0074743. ASIZP0080417. ASIZP0802201. ASIZP0802202. ASIZP0802203. ASIZP0901309. ASIZP0901329. ASIZP0912201. ASIZP0912202. ASIZP0912203. NMMSTP01504. NMMSTP01604.  
Common Name Lanternfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. 14(13~15); A. 15~16; P. 12(13); G.R. 8 (9) + 1 + 15-16 (17), total 24-27; AO 6-7 + 5(4-6), total 11-12 Operculum rounded posterodorsally, pointed posteriorly. Origin of dorsal fin directly over of slightly in advance of base of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin behind base of dorsal fin. Pectoral fin extending to PO5. Ventral fin reaching anus. Base of adipose fin from directly over to somewhat in advance of end of base of anal fin. A round Dn, equal in size to or somewhat smaller than a body photophore. Vn large, roughly triangular occur under posterior half of pupil, slightly elongate vertically and protruding into iris. PLO midway between lateral line and base of pectoral fin or a little lower. VLO nearer to lateral line than to base of ventral fin, SAO in a straight line or nearly so; SAO1 at level of, or slightly higher than, VO5; SAO3 in advance of origin of anal fin and in contact with, or less than its own diameter below, lateral line. AOa1 elevated well above and somewhat in front of AOa2; last AOa also elevated. Pol usually in advance of base of adipose fin and less than its own diameter below lateral line. AOp1 some times over base of anal fin. Prc3-Prc4 interspace distinctly enlarged; Prc4 1-2 times its diameter below lateral line. Luminous scales at PLO, VLO, SAO3, Pol and Prc4; in addition to these, males usually have one at PO4, VO3 and, sometimes at PVO2.
habitats Mesopelagic, nyctoepipelagic 
Distribution Off soutern and eastern Taiwan. Tropical and subtropical Indo-West Pacific