Scientific Name
Hygophum proximum  
Hygophum proximum近壯燈魚
by: ©South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB)
Author Becker, 1965 Depth 0 - 600M
Chinese 近壯燈魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燈籠魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F200 Myctophidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 近壯燈魚 
Max Length 5 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 燈籠魚、七星魚、光魚 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Eastern-central Indian Ocean, 0°58'S, 82°58'E, Vitiaz station 4912, 125-140 meters over great depth 
Synonyms Hygophum reinhardti   
Reference A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002)  Becker, V.E. 1965 Wang, J. T.-M. etc. 2001 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 陳素芝 編著 2002 
Specimen List
Common Name Lantern fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. 12-13; A. 17-21; P. 13-14; AO 5 + 7, total 12; G.R. 4 + 1 +11-13, total 16-18. Origin of dorsal fin on vertical through outer ventral base; origin of anal fin on or slightly behind vertical through base of last dorsal ray. Origin of adipose fin well in advance of vertical through base of last anal ray. Pectoral fin extending to about anal origin; ventral fin reaching anal origin. Dn and Vn present; small, luminous organ at posterior end of supraorbital ridge, slightly in advance of posterior margin of orbit. 5 PO, level. PVO1 in advance of vertical through PO2, closer to level of ventral base of pectoral fin than to ventral profile; PVO2 at lower base of pectoral fin. PLO midway between upper pectoral base and lateral line. VLO above outer base of ventral fin, closer to lateral line than to ventral base. 4 VO, level. SAO series obtusely angulate, with SAO1 on or slightly in advance of vertical through VO3, with SAO2 about above anus; and with SAO3 above origin of anal fin, in contact with lateral line. AOa and AOp level. 2 Pol with Pol1 above last AOa and with Pol2 well in advance of vertical through adipose origin. 2 Prc widely separated, with Prc2 in contact with or less than one photophores diameter below lateral line. Mature males with large, single, black-edged SUGL, filling 3/4 or more of the supracaudal space; mature females with 2 INGL.
habitats Oceanic and mesopelagic. Nyctoepipelagic at the surface. Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae. 
Distribution Eastern Taiwan waters; Indian and Pacific: widespread in the tropical and subtropical waters.