Scientific Name
Lobianchia gemellarii  
Lobianchia gemellarii吉氏葉燈魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cocco, 1838) Depth 25 - 800M
Chinese 吉氏葉燈魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燈籠魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F200 Myctophidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 吉氏葉燈魚 
Max Length 6 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 日本葉燈魚、燈籠魚、七星魚、光魚 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea 
Synonyms Diaphus gemellari, Diaphus gemellarii, Diaphus nipponensis, Lampanyctus gemellari, Lebianchia gemellari, Lobianchia gemelari, Lobianchia gemellari, Myctophum gemellari, Myctophum gemellarii, Nyctophus gemellarii, Scopelus gemellari, Scopelus gemellarii, Scopelus uracoclampus ...all 14..  
Reference A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Cocco, A. 1838 Wang, J. T.-M. etc. 2001 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0063906. ASIZP0064398. ASIZP0064406. ASIZP0070512. NMNSF00551. NMNSF01490.  
Common Name Cocco's lantern fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D17 (17-18); A. 14 (13-15); P. 11-12; V. 8 G.R. 4-6 +1 +11-14, total Operculum margin ending in a rather bluntly pointed lobe; Origin of dorsal fin slightly in advance of vertical through base of outermost ray of ventral fin, midway between tip of snout and second or third Aop. Pectoral fin small, its base some what higher than level of posterior tip of mouth, its rays extending to PO4; ventral fin extending slightly beyond anus in larger individuals. Dn small, in a thin frame of black pigment. PLO very slightly in advance of upper end of base of pectoral fin and considerably nearer to later than to later line; PVO1 in line with PVO1 and PO1, midway between these organ or slightyly nearer to PVO2 than to PO1; PVO2 at lower end of base of pectoral fin, somewhat below level of Op2; PO1-PO2 interspace considerably larger than those between rest of organ of same series; PO4 more of less behind vertical through center of PO3 and a little higher than PVO2; PO5 lying antero-mesad to base of outermost ray of ventral fin; VLO over base of ventral fin and usually markedly nearer to it than to lateral line; VO1 immediately postero-mesad to base of innermost ray of ventral fin; VO3 very slightly above line commecting PO4 with SAO1 and on straight line connecting VLO with VO5; form ventral view first, fourth and fifth VO distant, on a straight or, usually, slightly curved line, the convexity directed antero-dorsally; SAO1 above and behind VO5; SAO2 directly over origin of anal fin; SAO3 somewhat in advance of AOa1; first three and frequently four Aoa on a straight line; AO5 usually elevated, forming with Pol and AOp1 various patterns ; Pol in advance of end of base of anal fin and midway between later and lateral line or, usually, nearer to base of anal fin than to lateral line; AOp1 in line with or elevated above rest of organs of same series, entirely behind end of base of anal fin; Prc evenly spaced, forming a gently curved line; Prc4 occasionally slightly detached from rest of organs of same series, the distance between Prc3 and Prc4 always smaller than that between Prc3 and Prc1.15-21; AO 5 + 6, total 11
habitats High-oceanic and mesopelagic, found between 300-800 m during the day and between 25-100 m (juveniles 14-22 mm) and 200-300 (adults 50-56 mm) at night. Size stratification with depth both day and night. Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae. Reach sex 
Distribution Mesopelagic; Off eastern Taiwan waters; Atlantic, Mediterranean, Pacific Ocean