Scientific Name
Notoscopelus caudispinosus  
Notoscopelus caudispinosus尾棘背燈魚
by: ©South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB)
Author (Johnson, 1863) Depth 0 - 1000M
Chinese 尾棘背燈魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 燈籠魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F200 Myctophidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 尾棘背燈魚 
Max Length 14 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 燈籠魚、七星魚、光魚 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East 
Habitats Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality Madeira, eastern Atlantic 
Synonyms Lampanyctus caudospinosus, Lampanyctus elongatus, Macrostoma caudospinosum, Notoscopelus elongatus, Scopelus caudispinosus   
Reference A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Johnson, J. Y. 1863 Wang, J. T.-M. etc. 2001 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List
Common Name Lobisomen 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. 27; A. 19; P. 12; AO 7 + 4, total 11; G.R. 4 +1 + 8-9, total 13-14 Pectoral fin short, barely reaching base of ventral fin, placed low. Origin of dorsal fin somewhat in advance of vertical through base of outermost ray of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin almost under middle of base of dorsal fin. Ventral fin extending to anus. Adipose fin remarkably small, its base distinctly in advance of vertical through end of base of anal fin. Dn in the form of an elongate patch; Vn small, beneath translucent skin, surrounded by black tissue.PLO about its own diameter below lateral line. PVO1 immediately in front of bases of lower rays of pectoral fin; PVO2 directly above upper end of base of same fin. PO series in a 1 + 3 + 1 configuration, with PO1-PO2 interspace largest. Distance between VLO and base of ventral fin larger than that between VLO and lateral line. Five VO, evenly spaced and on a straight line, VO5 slightly elevated. SAO markedly wide angular; VO5, SAO1 and SAO2 almost forming a straight line; SAO3 directly above SAO2 or slightly in advance of it and in contact with lateral line. AOa forming a wavy line, with AOa1, and to a lesser extent AOa2, depressed and last AOa distinctly raised. Two Pol, horizontally arranged and in contact with lateral line. AOp evenly spaced, level. Prc1 and Prc2 on same level and about one organ diameter apart; Prc3 displaced posteriorly, lying at bases of middle caudal rays and somewhat below level of lateral line. A series of small roundish patches of luminous tissue below and parallel to base of dorsal fin; a similar series above and parallel to anterior part of lateral line; a single, somewhat larger patch in front of PVO1, another above base of ventral fin and a third one in front of AOa series. Luminous tissue also between caudal procurrent rays.
habitats High-oceanic, mesopelagic species. Occurs deeper than 1,000 m during the day and nyctoepipelagic at the surface and down to 175 m. 
Distribution Off sotheastern Taiwan waters. Tropical Atlantci and Indian Oceans, and Southeast Asian and Hawaiian waters.