Scientific Name
Acanthurus japonicus  
Acanthurus japonicus日本刺尾鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Schmidt, 1931) Depth 5 - 15M
Chinese 日本刺尾鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 日本刺尾魚 
Max Length 21 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 花倒吊、倒吊(臺東) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality Kominato, Amami-Oshima I., Ryukyu Is., Japan 
Synonyms Acanthurus japonica, Acanthurus japonicas, Hepatus aliala japonicus   
Reference Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054890. ASIZP0805897. ASIZP0915897.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Powder black surgeon; Japan surgeonfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX, 27-30; anal-fin rays III, 25-27; pectoral-fin rays 15-16. Body black, shading to bright yellow on caudal peduncle; A broad white band from eye to upper lips. Dorsal and aual fins black with a yellow line at base that broadens posteriorly. A large hemispherical yellow spot at pectoral fin base.
habitats Occurs on outer reef crests and slopes to about 20m depth. Found in shallow exposed areas Usually occurs in small to large aggregations. Feed on filamentous algae. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia to Philippines and Ryukyu Islands. Taiwan: South, Lanyu, Lyudao, East.  
Utility Commercial aquarium species.