Scientific Name
Acanthurus mata  
Acanthurus mata後刺尾鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 5 - 100M
Chinese 後刺尾鯛 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 暗色刺尾魚 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 倒吊、粗皮仔、番倒吊(澎湖)、半水吊 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality East Indies 
Synonyms Acanthurus bleekeri, Acanthurus weberi, Chaetodon mata, Chaetodon meta, Hepatus weberi   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0057759. ASIZP0059728. ASIZP0060013. ASIZP0064148. ASIZP0807503. ASIZP0901338. FRIP21507. NMMBP00481. NMMBP00865. NMMBP01019. NMMBP01681. NMMBP02245. NMMBP05512. NMMSTP00770. NMNSF00305. NMNSF00308. NTUM00752. NTUM00753. NTUM00993. NTUM00994. NTUM00995. NTUM00997. NTUM00998. NTUM00999. NTUM01000. NTUM04900. NTUM08514.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Striped surgeonfish; Yellowmask surgeonfish; White-tail lancet; Blue-lined surgeonfish; Bleeker's surgeonfish; Elongate surgeonfish; Mata surgeonfish; Elongate surgeon 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX, 24-26 ; anal-fin rays III, 23-24 ; pectoral-fin rays 16-17. Body gray to brown with lengthwise blue lines on head and body. Capable of changing color to pale bluish overall. Behind eye a yellow area and 2 yellow bands extending anterior from eye. A single, sharp, forward-pointing erectile spine which folds down into a horizontal groove on each side of the caudal peduncle; spine in white sheath. Gill rakers of first gill arch 13-15 in both upper and lower limbs. Scales minute.
habitats Occurs on steep slopes, often in turbid waters, generally in the vicinity of coral reefs or rocky bottoms. Form resident spawning aggregations. Feed on zooplankton. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Natal, South Africa to the Marquesan and Tuamotu islands, north to southern Japan, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia; Marshall Islands in Micronesia. Society Islands. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Penghu,  
Utility Commercial aquarium species.