Scientific Name
Acanthurus olivaceus  
Acanthurus olivaceus一字刺尾鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Depth 3 - 46M
Chinese 一字刺尾鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 橙斑刺尾魚 
Max Length 35 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 紅印倒吊、一字倒吊、倒吊(臺東)、番倒吊(澎湖)、憲兵(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North East、PonFu、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality no locality 
Synonyms Acanthurus chrysosoma, Acanthurus eparei, Acanthurus erythromelas, Acanthurus humeralis, Acanthurus olicaceous, Ctenodon erythromelas, Harpurus paroticus, Hepatus chrysosoma, Hepatus olivaceus, Rhombotides olivaceus, Rhombotides xanthosoma, Teuthis olivaceus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055382. ASIZP0057399. ASIZP0058485. ASIZP0059218. ASIZP0065865. ASIZP0074564. ASIZP0800928. ASIZP0910928. FRIP00013. FRIP21434. FRIP21489. FRIP22447. NMMBP04316. NMMBP04840. NMMBP04841. NMMSTP00827. NTMP0760. NTMP1269. NTUM01093. NTUM01094. NTUM01095. NTUM01096. NTUM01097. NTUM01101. NTUM01102. NTUM01309. NTUM02050. NTUM07059. NTUM07282. RUSI37064.  
Common Name Olive surgeonfish; Orangespot surgeonfish; Orange spot tang; Orange band surgeonfish; Orange-ear surgeonfish; Orange-epaulette surgeonfish; Orangebar surgeonfish; Orangeband surgeonfish; Orange epoulette surgeon; Gendarme fish; Gendarmefish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX, 23-25 ; anal-fin rays III, 22-24 ; pectoral-fin rays 16-17. Body of adult dark grayish brown; juveniles yellow. A bright orange horizontal band, with purplish black border posterior to upper end of gill opening. Head and anterior half of body usually abruptly paler than the posterior half. Large adult males with more definite convexity of snout profile.
habitats Juveniles usually found in protected bays and lagoons, singly or in small groups at depth as little as 3 m. Adults occur singly or in schools and feed on surface film of detritus, diatoms, and fine filamentous algae covering sand and bare rock. The specie 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean to the Hawaiian and and Tuamoto Islands, north to Japan, south to Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia. Taiwan: South, Penghu, Lanyu, Lyudao, East, North-East.  
Utility Commercial fishery and aquarium species.