Scientific Name
Acanthurus pyroferus  
Acanthurus pyroferus火紅刺尾鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Kittlitz, 1834 Depth 4 - 60M
Chinese 火紅刺尾鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 刺尾鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F470 Acanthuridae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑鰓刺尾魚 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 巧克力倒吊、黃倒吊、倒吊(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal、Lagoon、
Holotype Locality Ulea I., Carolines 
Synonyms Acanthurus armiger, Acanthurus celebicus, Acanthurus fuscus, Acanthurus leucocheilos, Acanthurus leucosternon, Acanthurus tristis, Hepatus celebicus, Hepatus leucosternon, Hepatus pyriferus, Hepatus pyroferus, Rhombotides celebicus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea(Randall et al.,1990);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056418. ASIZP0059649. ASIZP0063485. ASIZP0066306. ASIZP0700001. ASIZP0700154. ASIZP0801013. ASIZP0911013. BPBMI23137. FRIP22370. NMMBP05162. NTUM00100Holotype. NTUM00920. NTUM01098. NTUM01099. NTUM01100. NTUM01103. NTUM07269. NTUM08519. NTUM08529.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100%
Common Name Orange-gilled surgeonfish; Yellowspot surgeon; Chocolate surgeonfish; Mimic surgeonfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays IX, 27-31 ; anal-fin rays III, 24-28 ; pectoral-fin rays 15-16. Body purplish wih an orange diffused patch at edge of gill opening, above pectoral fin base; a broad black band from upper end of gill opening to margin of gill cover down to isthmus; caudal peduncle spine socket with a narrow black margin. Blackish lips; a trace of orange behind eye; a white line under chin extending slightly above rictus. Gill rakers first gill arch on lower limb 23-26; on lower limb 25-27.
habitats Usually found on coral reefs at depths from 2 to at least 60m. Feeds on benetic algae on reef, sand surfaces, and also on silty reefs. Found singly. Juveniles mimic Centropyge spp. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Seychelles to the Marquesan and Tuamotu islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia; throughout Micronesia. Taiwan: South, Hsiaoliuchiu, Lanyu, Lyudao, East.  
Utility Commercial fishery and aquarium species.