Scientific Name
Apogon crassiceps  
Apogon crassiceps堅頭天竺鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Garman, 1903 Depth 1 - 18M
Chinese 堅頭天竺鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 天竺鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F352 Apogonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 堅頭天竺鯛 
Max Length 10cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大面側仔、大目側仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、LanI Is. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Suva Reef, Viti Levu, Fiji Is. 
Reference 1. 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Shao, K. T., and J. P. Chen (1986) The New Records of Cardinalfishes from Taiwan, with a Synopsis of the Family Apogonidae. Journ. Taiwan Museum, 39(2):61-104;3. Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma and M. Nishida 2014 (1 Aug.) Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846 (no. 2): 151-203.  Garman S. 1903 Shao, K.T. etc. 1986 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma etc. 2014 
Specimen List ASIZP0055915. ASIZP0056966. ASIZP0056967. ASIZP0061928. ASIZP0061946. ASIZP0072517. ASIZP0073590. ASIZP0078425. ASIZP0805203. ASIZP0806139. ASIZP0807264. ASIZP0915207. ASIZP0916139. ASIZP0917264. FRIP22311. NMMBP02474. NTOUP201006-347. NTUM02884. NTUM02885. NTUM02886. NTUM05099. RUSI35744.  
Barcode2011-08-16,柯慧玲,CO1,100% ,,CO1,100% 2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Transparent cardinalfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays VI-I, 9; anal-fin rays II, 8; pectoral-fin rays 13. Resembles A. unicolor but distinguished by fewer spines in the 1st dorsal fin (6 against 7), large scales, and fewer lateral line scales (23 against 25). Body color uniformly dark reddish, each scale mottled with brown.
habitats Found on inshore reefs, lagoons, and seaward reefs. Nocturnal species. Feeds on small benthic crustaceans. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific  
Utility No commercial value.