Scientific Name
Apogon erythrinus  
Apogon erythrinus粉紅天竺鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Snyder, 1904 Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 粉紅天竺鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 天竺鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F352 Apogonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 粉紅天竺鯛 
Max Length 4 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大面側仔、大目側仔 
Distribution in World Middle West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、Greeb IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Puako Bay, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands, U.S.A. 
Synonyms Apogon coccineus   
Reference 1. 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Shao, K. T., and J. P. Chen (1986) The New Records of Cardinalfishes from Taiwan, with a Synopsis of the Family Apogonidae. Journ. Taiwan Museum, 39(2):61-104;3. Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma and M. Nishida 2014 (1 Aug.) Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846 (no. 2): 151-203.  Shao, K.T. etc. 1986 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma etc. 2014 
Specimen List ASIZP0055912. ASIZP0060333. ASIZP0061940. ASIZP0074230. ASIZP0079055. ASIZP0806543. ASIZP0916543. NTOUP200712-147. NTOUP201207-669. NTUM02887. NTUM02891. NTUM02892. NTUM02894. NTUM02895. NTUM02896. NTUM02897. NTUM02898. NTUM02900. NTUM02903. NTUM05015. NTUM05018. NTUM05019. NTUM05021. NTUM05085. RUSI35113. RUSI35726. RUSI35736. RUSI35750.  
Barcode2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100% 2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Hawaiian ruby cardinalfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays VII-I, 9; anal-fin rays II, 8; pectoral-fin rays 13. Body brilliant red without any stripe; preopercular ridge smooth; the well developed gill-raker on the first gill-arch 9; lateral line scale 23 - 24; second spine of first dorsal no reach to the second dorsal origin when depressed; caudal fin forked; adult size smaller than 6 cm.
habitats Found in shallow water and observed to be active only at night, near the bottom, and never far from its shelter. Feeds on polychaetes and other small benthic invertebrates. 
Distribution Eastern Central Pacific: known only from the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Island. Reports of occurrence in other Indo-West Pacific countries are questionable. 
Utility No commercial value.