Scientific Name
Pristiapogon exostigma
Pristiapogon exostigma單線鋸天竺鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Jordan & Starks, 1906) Depth 3 - 40M
Chinese 單線鋸天竺鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 天竺鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F352 Apogonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 單線鋸天竺鯛 
Max Length 12 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大面側仔、大目側仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Apia, Upolu I., Western Samoa. 
Synonyms Amia exostigma, Apogon exostigma, Apogon frenatus   
Reference 1.臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Shao, K. T., and J. P. Chen (1986) The New Records of Cardinalfishes from Taiwan, with a Synopsis of the Family Apogonidae. Journ. Taiwan Museum, 39(2):61-104;3. Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen and R. C. Steene (1990) Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. ;4. Randall, J. E. (2005) Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. i-xii + 1-707. ;5. Fraser, T. H. and E. A. Lachner (1985)A revision of the cardinalfish subgenera Pristiapogon and Zoramia (genus Apogon) of the Indo-Pacific region (Teleostei: Apogonidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 412: i-iii + 1-47.   Jordan, D. S. etc. 1906 Shao, K.T. etc. 1986 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma etc. 2014 
Specimen List ASIZP0055973. ASIZP0069602. ASIZP0070059. ASIZP0070064. ASIZP0070068. ASIZP0070275. ASIZP0070916. ASIZP0071159. ASIZP0074344. ASIZP0074378. ASIZP0074519. ASIZP0804301. ASIZP0804302. ASIZP0804303. ASIZP0804304. ASIZP0914301. ASIZP0914302. ASIZP0914303. ASIZP0914304.  
Barcode2012-01-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name One-lined cardinalfish; Narrowstripe cardinalfish; Eyeshadow cardinalfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays VII-I, 9; anal-fin rays II, 8; pectoral-fin rays 13. A black band from tip of snout to caudal base; a dark blotch at base of caudal, above lateral line. Distal part of the membranes of the first three spines of the first dorsal blackish; each of the soft dorsal and anal fin with a subbasal blackish stripe which parallel to their bases; pectorals transparent; color in alcohol, light brown, darker ventrally.
habitats Found under ledges or among isolated coral heads in silty inner reef areas. Solitary and rather rare. Nocturnal species. Feeds on polychaetes and other small benthic invertebrates. 
Distribution Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Line and Mangar Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to southern Great Barrier Reef and Austral Islands.  
Utility No commercial value.