Scientific Name
Apogonichthyoides melas
Apogonichthyoides melas黑身似天竺鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1848) Depth 0 - 2M
Chinese 黑身似天竺鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 天竺鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F352 Apogonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑身似天竺鯛 
Max Length 9.2 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大面側仔、大目側仔 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan South、Tung Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Bima, Sumbawa I., Lesser Sunda Is., Indonesia. 
Synonyms Apogon melas   
Reference 1.臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Shao, K. T., and J. P. Chen (1986) The New Records of Cardinalfishes from Taiwan, with a Synopsis of the Family Apogonidae. Journ. Taiwan Museum, 39(2):61-104;3. Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen and R. C. Steene (1990) Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. ;4. Randall, J. E. (2005) Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. i-xii + 1-707 ;5. Fraser, T. H. and E. A. Lachner (1985)A revision of the cardinalfish subgenera Pristiapogon and Zoramia (genus Apogon) of the Indo-Pacific region (Teleostei: Apogonidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 412: i-iii + 1-47;6. Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma and M. Nishida 2014 (1 Aug.) Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846 (no. 2): 151-203.  Dr. Bleeker 1848 Shao, K.T. etc. 1986 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma etc. 2014 
Specimen List ASIZP0056010. ASIZP0058656. ASIZP0072470. ASIZP0805156. ASIZP0915160.  
Common Name Blackspot cardinalfish; Black cardinalfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays VII-I, 9; anal-fin rays II, 8; pectoral-fin rays 13-14. Body generally dark-brown, except the area along lateral line paler. Head without any sharply defined markings but few diffused dusky to blackish lines running obliquely from suborbital to preopercular angle. All fins dusky to blackish except the translucent pectorals. A black ocellus at basal part of the second dorsal.
habitats Found in shallow well protected coastal bays, commonly found under jetties, hiding in dark areas; also in inshore rocky areas and among branching coral. Feeds on polychaetes and other small benthic invertebrates. 
Distribution Western Pacific: Malaysia to Moluccas, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Rowley Shoals. Reported from New Caledonia 
Utility No commercial value.