Scientific Name
Apogonichthyoides niger
Apogonichthyoides niger黑似天竺鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Döderlein, 1883) Depth 3 - 50M
Chinese 黑似天竺鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 天竺鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F352 Apogonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑似天竺魚 
Max Length 8 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大面側仔、大目側仔、黑天竺鯛 
Distribution in World North West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Japan 
Synonyms Apogon niger   
Reference 1.臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);2. Shao, K. T., and J. P. Chen (1986) The New Records of Cardinalfishes from Taiwan, with a Synopsis of the Family Apogonidae. Journ. Taiwan Museum, 39(2):61-104;3. Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen and R. C. Steene (1990) Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p.;4. Randall, J. E. (2005) Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. i-xii + 1-707;5. Fraser, T. H. and E. A. Lachner (1985)A revision of the cardinalfish subgenera Pristiapogon and Zoramia (genus Apogon) of the Indo-Pacific region (Teleostei: Apogonidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 412: i-iii + 1-47;6. Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma and M. Nishida 2014 (1 Aug.) Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846 (no. 2): 151-203.  Steindachner, F. etc. 1883 峰謙二, 道津喜衛 1973 Shao, K.T. etc. 1986 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Gon, O. 2000 Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma etc. 2014 
Specimen List ASIZP0055575. ASIZP0055955. ASIZP0055957. ASIZP0058707. ASIZP0059120. ASIZP0060237. ASIZP0060403. ASIZP0060642. ASIZP0061654. ASIZP0061710. ASIZP0062912. ASIZP0070435. ASIZP0079011. ASIZP0080330.  
Barcode2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Cardinalfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays VII-I, 9; anal-fin rays II, 7-8; pectoral-fin rays 15-17. Body black or blackish brown without any spot; gill-rakers fewer than 21; no mark on cheek; three predorsalss; a pair of uroneurals present; body depth high and each fin rounded; caudal fin truncate.
habitats Occurs solitarily around boulders scattered on sandy and muddy bottoms in bays. Breeding occurs from July to September. Males brood eggs in the mouth. Feeds on polychaetes and other small benthic invertebrates. 
Distribution Northwest Pacific: Japan, Taiwan, and the South China Sea. 
Utility No commercial value.