Scientific Name
Neamia octospina  
Neamia octospina八棘扁天竺鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Smith & Radcliffe, 1912 Depth 3 - 5M
Chinese 八棘扁天竺鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 天竺鯛科 Economic Fish No 
Family F352 Apogonidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 八棘扁天竺鯛 
Max Length 5 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大面側仔、大目側仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、North、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Rasa I., Mantaguin Bay, Palawan, Philippines. 
Synonyms Apogonichthys coggeri, Neamia sphenurus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fishbase(2006);Shao, K. T., and J. P. Chen (1986) The New Records of Cardinalfishes from Taiwan, with a Synopsis of the Family Apogonidae. Journ. Taiwan Museum, 39(2):61-104;Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen and R. C. Steene (1990) Fishes of the  Lewis Radcliffe 1912 Gon, O. 1985 Shao, K.T. etc. 1986 Gon, O. 1987 Randall, J. E., G. R. Allen etc. 1990 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Mabuchi, K. , T. H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma etc. 2014 
Specimen List ASIZP0055936. USNM00349108.  
Common Name Eightspine cardinal; Eightspine cardinalfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays VIII-I, 9; anal-fin rays II,8; pectoral-fin rays 18. Body compressed, deep ovoid. Maxillary reaching to below hind edge of eye; palatine toothless. Pectoral fin long, reaching the middle of anal base; caudal fin rounded; the distance between two dorsal fins is short and is partly connected by membrane. Body color transparent when fresh, becoming opaque after preservation.
habitats Occurs inshore, near reefs. Secretive among boulders or under debris. Nocturnal species. Feeds on zooplankton and other small benthic invertebrates. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Philippines and Australia. 
Utility No commercial value.