Scientific Name
Macropodus opercularis  
Macropodus opercularis蓋斑鬥魚
by: Po-Feng Lee
Author (Linnaeus, 1758) Depth 0 - 2M
Chinese 蓋斑鬥魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 絲足鱸科 Economic Fish No 
Family F486 Osphronemidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 叉尾鬥魚 
Max Length 6 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 臺灣鬥魚、三斑菩薩魚、三斑鬥魚、彩兔 
Distribution in World Taiwan、China   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、East 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality Asia 
Synonyms Chaetodon chinensis, Labrus opercularis, Macropodus chinensis, Macropodus ctenopsoides, Macropodus filamentosus, Macropodus venustus, Macropodus viridiauratus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);台灣淡水及河口魚圖鑑(周及高,2011) 
Specimen List ASIZP0064434. ASIZP0065755. ASIZP0072817. ASIZP0072818. ASIZP0074164. ASIZP0074511. ASIZP0801301. ASIZP0805488. ASIZP0805489. ASIZP0911301. ASIZP0915488. ASIZP0915489. BMNH1909.4.28.21. FMNH59123Holotype. mnhn1908-0187. mnhn1908-0188. mnhn1908-0189. NMMBP00675. NMMBP01966. NMMBP01977. NMMBP03941. NMMBP05380. NMMBP05567. NMMSTP00736. NMNSF00019. NMNSF00020. NMNSF00026. NMNSF00035. NMNSF00148. NMNSF00796. NMNSF01321. NMNSF01633. NTHUB02006. NTHUB02008. NTHUB02016. NTHUB02019. NTHUB02020. ...List all 73 records... 
Barcode2008-03-24,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name Paradisefish; Paradise Fish; Chinese fighting fish; Forktail fightingfish 
Redlist Status Not in IUCN Redlist LC    NT 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::NT
Characteristic Head large. Snout short. Mouth small, oblique and protractile; posterior end of upper jaw distant from anterior margin of eye, both upper and lower jaw with tiny teeth. Body laterally compressed. Scales moderately large. Dorsal fin rays:XII-XV,6-8; anal fin rays:XII-XX,12-15; vertebrae 27-29. Pelvic and posterior end of dorsal and anal fins elongated as filament in male; caudal fin forked, upper and lower lobs with filamentous extension; pelvic fin origin below pectoral fin origin. A conspicuously dark spot on posterior margin of operculum; 7-11 grayish vertical bands on reddish background; irregular blotches on top of head and predorsal body.
habitats Inhabits any kind of slow running water, including paddy field, backwater of rivers, lakes, ponds and swamps. Can breath atmospheric air. Male builds bubble nests and mates below, the sinking eggs will be placed to nests by mouth. The young will be guarde 
Distribution East Asia, north to Yangtze basin, south to Taiwan, Hainan Island and north Vietnam. Used to wildly inhabited on lowlands of western Taiwan, however, this species is nearly extinct due to chemical pollution.