Scientific Name
Decapterus russelli  
Decapterus russelli羅氏圓鰺
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Rüppell, 1830) Depth 40 - 275M
Chinese 羅氏圓鰺 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰺科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F364 Carangidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 紅鰭圓鰺 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 紅赤尾、硬尾、紅瓜鰺 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Australia   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、North 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Caranx ecclipsifer, Caranx kiliche, Caranx russelli, Decapterus dayi, Decapterus kiliche, Decapterus lajang, Decapterus punctatus, Decapterus ruselli, Decapterus russellii, Decapterus tabl   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Lin & Shao(1999)  Berry, F. H. 1968 張崑雄, 巫文隆, 林忠 Kun-Hsiung Chang etc. 1972 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Lin, P. L. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0056878. ASIZP0061205. ASIZP0061566. ASIZP0079007. FMNH59468Holotype. NMMBP01890. NMMBP03057. NMMBP03658. NTUM02026. NTUM02242. NTUM03967. NTUM06239.  
Barcode2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100%
Common Name Russell's mackerel-scad; Round scad; Russel's scad; Russell's mackerel scad; Scad; Northern mackerel-scad; Three-lined grunter; Mackerel scad; Indian scad 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. VIII, I+32+1 (finlet); A. II, I+25-27+1 (finlet); P. i+19-20; G.R. 10-13+35-38; CLS. 48-57; SLS. 0-2 scales, 37-38 scutes; vertebrate 10+14. Maxilla extends to below anterior margin of eye. Minute teeth in a single series on jaws; in a arrow-shaped patch on vomer; in a long band on palatines and tongue. Opercular membrane smooth. Predorsal scales extend to beyond posterior margin of pupil. Pectoral fin long, tip extends to below orgin of second dorsal fin. Bluish green above, silvery below; small black blotch on margin of opercle near upper edge; caudal fin hyaline to dusky brown, second dorsal fin hyaline basally, light dusky distally; other fins mostly hyaline, except pelvic fins of adult males slightly dark.
habitats Dwells from middle to benthic, forming large schools in deep water, but occasionally inshore in sheltered bays in small to large groups. Feeds primarily on smaller planktonic invertebrates. 
Distribution Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters of Indo-Pacific, but it is rare in Taiwan and only found in the northern and eastern parts. 
Utility Generally marketed fresh, may be dried or salted. Also sold frozen and canned.