Scientific Name
Selar crumenophthalmus  
Selar crumenophthalmus脂眼凹肩鰺
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch, 1793) Depth 0 - 170M
Chinese 脂眼凹肩鰺 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鰺科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F364 Carangidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 脂眼凹肩鰺 
Max Length 70cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 大目瓜仔、大目巴攏、大目孔、目孔(臺東)、大目巴弄(澎湖)、大目榕葉(澎湖) 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Guinea, West Africa 
Synonyms Caranx blochii, Caranx crumenophtalmus, Caranx crumenophthalmus, Caranx daubentonii, Caranx macrophthalmus, Caranx mauritianus, Caranx plumieri, Caranx torvus, Scomber balantiophthalmus, Scomber crumenophthalmus, Scomber plumieri, Selar crumenophtalmus, Selar crumenopthalmus ...all 19..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Lin & Shao(1999)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Bayard H. Brattstrom 1998 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Lin, P. L. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0054458. ASIZP0054527. ASIZP0055743. ASIZP0056718. ASIZP0056719. ASIZP0056720. ASIZP0060371. ASIZP0062111. ASIZP0067164. ASIZP0067390. ASIZP0070853. ASIZP0072264. ASIZP0700017. ASIZP0700160. ASIZP0801975. ASIZP0802144. ASIZP0802767. ASIZP0804177. ASIZP0911975. ASIZP0912144. ASIZP0912767. ASIZP0914177. ASIZP0916895. BPBMI23147. FRIP01149. FRIP01160. FRIP20154. FRIP20329. FRIP21044. FRIP21530. FRIP22440. FRIP22441. NMMBP00102. NMMBP00154. NMMBP01028. NMMBP01150. NMMBP01302. ...List all 53 records... 
Barcode2012-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2016-01-27,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Scad; Purse-eyed scad; Silver scad; Steenbrass; Bigeye scad; Big-eye scad; Bigeye scad atulai; Big eye scad; Chicharro; Big-eyed scad; Horse-eye jack; Jackfish; Goggler; Goggle-eyed scad; Goggle-eye; Jack 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic D. VIII, I+24-26; A. II, I+21-23; P. i+19-20; G.R. 10-12+27-28; CLS. 54-58; SLS. 3-10 scales, 31-36 scutes; vertebrate 10+14. Adipose eyelid well developed, leaving a vertical slit centred on pupil. Pectoral girdle margin with a deep furrow, a large papilla immediately above it and a smaller papilla near upper edge. Lateral line with slight arch, becoming straight below 10-12th ray of second dorsal fin. No finlets. Breast completely scaled. Upper third of body and top of head metallic blue or bluish green; tip of snout dusky or blackish; lower two-thirds of body and head silvery or whitish; a narrow, yellowish stripe may be present from edge of opercle to upper part of caudal peduncle; blackish areas above and below pupil with a reddish area sometimes present; a small elongated, blackish opercular spot on edge near upper margin; first dorsal fin dusky on margins with rest of fin clear; second dorsal fin dusky over most of fin with dorsal lobe blackish; anal fin clear or slightly dusky along base; caudal fin dusky with tip of upper lobe dark; pectoral fins clear or slightly dusky near base and with a yellowish tint sometimes present; pelvic fins clear.
habitats Found in small to large schools, prefers clear oceanic waters around islands to neritic waters. Occasionally in turbid waters. Mainly nocturnal. Feeds on small shrimps, benthic invertebrates, and forams when inshore, and zooplankton and fish larvae when o 
Distribution A circumtropical species. It is very common in all Taiwanese waters, expecially from the west to the south. 
Utility Marketed fresh and salted or dried.