Scientific Name
Heniochus varius  
Heniochus varius黑身立旗鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1829) Depth 1 - 25M
Chinese 黑身立旗鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 蝴蝶魚科 Economic Fish No 
Family F393 Chaetodontidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 白帶馬夫魚 
Max Length 19 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 黑關刀、舉旗仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon、Coral&Sand  Holotype Locality East Indies 
Synonyms Taurichthys bleekeri, Taurichthys varius, Taurichthys viridis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0057384. ASIZP0070032. ASIZP0806551. ASIZP0807354. ASIZP0916551. ASIZP0917354. NMMBP05544. NMMSTP00072. NTUM00081Holotype. NTUM00082Holotype. NTUM00083Holotype. NTUM00084Holotype. NTUM00086Holotype. NTUM00733. NTUM01425. NTUM06206. ROM39378. RUSI35715.  
Barcode2015-12-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2014-10-30,Kwang-Tsao Shao,CO1,100%
Common Name Hunchbacked coralfish; Humphead bannerfish; Horned bannerfish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body oval, deep, strongly compressed. Head length roughly equal to head height; a notch on forehead with a bony protruberance just above in adultsalso a cvrved sharp horn developing above each eye with increasing age; preopercle smooth, without prominent spines. Snout short. Small protractile mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws. Dorsal fin with XI spines, fouth dorsal spine prolonged, the membrane broad; and 22 to 24 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 17 or 18 soft rays; pectoral fins transparent with 14 to 15 soft rays; pelvic fins with I stout spine and 5 branched rays; caudal fin rounded to slightly emarginate. Mostly black with two white bands, one from upper nape across gill cover and expanding onto thorax, the other running from caudal peduncle and breast to each end of spinous section of dorsal fin; pelvic and anal fins dark brown.
habitats Occurs in deep lagoons and steep outer reef slopes, with mixed algae and coral growth at depths of 3 to 25 m. Solitary or in small groups. Feeds on corals and other invertebrates. 
Distribution Distributed from Western Australia northward throughout the Indo-Malayan region to southern Japan, eastward across the tropical western and southern Pacific Ocean. Widely around coral reefs in Taiwan. 
Utility Marine aquarium fish.