Scientific Name
Channa maculata  
Channa maculata斑鱧
by: I-S. Chen
Author (Lacepède, 1801) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 斑鱧 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鱧科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F487 Channidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 斑鱧 
Max Length 45cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 鱧魚、雷魚、南鱧、臺灣雷魚 
Distribution in World Taiwan、China   Distribution in Taiwan North、Middle、South、Kinmen 
Habitats Fresh water  Holotype Locality no locality 
Synonyms Bostrychus maculatus, Channa striata, Ophiocephalus maculatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);台灣淡水及河口魚圖鑑(周及高,2011)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0061365. ASIZP0070405. ASIZP0074650. ASIZP0801471. ASIZP0801472. ASIZP0801473. ASIZP0801474. ASIZP0801475. FRIP00217. FRIP00765. FRIP20322. NMMBP00130. NMMBP00683. NMMBP01330. NMMBP01969. NMMBP04155. NMMBP04272. NMMBP04520. NMMBP04599. NMMSTP00528. NMNSF00062. NMNSF01632. NTMP0606. NTMP0637. NTMP0773. NTMP1351. NTOUP200910-124. NTUM00609. NTUM05262. SU18298. SU18299. USNM00177477. USNM00191126. USNM00191158. USNM00191160. USNM00191163. USNM00191174. ...List all 41 records... 
Common Name Snakehead 
Redlist Status Not in IUCN Redlist LC    LC 2012 Redlist of Fresh Water Fishes::LC
Characteristic Head large, slightly compressed and broad. Snout short. Mouth large and protractile. Lower jaw longer than upper, posterior end of upper jaw reaching posterior margin of eye, both upper and lower jaw with teeth. Barbell absent. Body cylindrical, posterior laterally compressed. Scales large and cycloid, lateral line scales interrupted above anal fin origin and continued straightly to the end of caudle peduncle after going downward one or two rows of scale. L.l.:50-65; dorsal fin rays:38-45; anal fin rays:26-29; dorsal and anal fins long, pelvic fin small, anus near anal fin origin, caudal fin round, dorsal fin origin above pectoral fin origin. Brownish or yellowish, ventral surface lighter. Two rows of irregularly dark blotches on side of body. Black stripes on anterior margin of dorsal, anal and caudal fins.
habitats Prefer still water or slow-running river with lots of caves and aquatic vegetation to hide, able to breath atmospheric air. Ambush predator, feed on small fish, shrimp and other aquatic creatures. Parents build bubble nests and lay eggs below. The young w 
Distribution Native to southeastern Asia, including southern China, Taiwan, Hainan Island, Vietnam and Philippines. Japanese populations were introduced. In Taiwan, its’ native habitats were restricted western portion of Central Mount Range (CMR). At present, some had