Scientific Name
Oreochromis mossambicus  
Oreochromis mossambicus莫三比克口孵非鯽
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Peters, 1852) Depth 0 - 10M
Chinese 莫三比克口孵非鯽 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 麗魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F409 Cichlidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 莫三比克口孵非鯽 
Max Length 39 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 非洲仔、南洋鯽仔、在來吳郭魚、吳郭魚(澎湖)、鹹水吳郭(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Afric   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew 
Habitats Estuary、Fresh Water、Coastal  Holotype Locality Mozambique 
Synonyms Chromis dumerilii, Chromis mossambicus, Chromis natalensis, Chromis niloticus, Chromis niloticus var. mossambicus, Chromis vorax, Cromis mossambicus, Orechromis mossambica, Oreochromis mossambica, Oreochromis mossambicus bassamkhalafi, Oreochromis mozambica, Sarotherodon mossambica, Sarotherodon mossambicum ...all 29..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  Peters, W. (C. H.) 1852 朱元鼎 編 1985 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 陳志毅 1997 
Specimen List ASIZP0054193. ASIZP0058838. ASIZP0061360. ASIZP0070747. ASIZP0073633. ASIZP0073634. ASIZP0073635. ASIZP0080519. ASIZP0080531. ASIZP0806255. ASIZP0806256. ASIZP0806257. ASIZP0807448. ASIZP0807459. ASIZP0916255. ASIZP0916256. ASIZP0916257. ASIZP0917448. ASIZP0917459. BMNH1966.7.14.84-85. FRIP00003. FRIP01111. FRIP01139. FRIP01140. FRIP21422. NMMBP02067. NMMBP02637. NMMBP03117. NTOUP201011-608. NTUM01312. SU49421. USNM00191243. USNM00191251. USNM00191252. USNM00191253. USNM00191254. USNM00191255. ...List all 45 records... 
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,% 2016-07-15,Yung-Chieh,CO1,100% 2016-07-15,Yung-Chieh,CO1,100%
Common Name Tilapia; Common tilapia; African mouthbrooder; Largemouth kurper; Mozambique mouthbrooder; Kurper bream; Mozambique cichlid; Java tilapia; Mozambique tilapia 
Redlist Status N.A. IUCN Redlist: Not Applicable     
Characteristic Head moderately large. Snout short, blunt. Lips thick. Mouth moderately large, posterior end in front of anterior margin of eye, both upper and lower jaw with tiny teeth in 3-4 rows. Body laterally compressed; body depth high. Scales moderately large; snout and chin naked. Dorsal fin rays:XV-XVII,10-13; anal fin rays:III,9-12. Pectoral fin on side of body, posterior end reaches anal fin origin; pelvic fin on ventral side, posterior end reaches anus; caudal fin slightly forked. Color pattern varied, dark black dorsally and olive ventrally. A pale spot on upper side of operculum; the young shorter than 6cm in standard length has 4-6 black vertical bands on side, absent in adults. Irregular pale spots spread over dorsal, anal and caudal fins; vertical bands absent. Spawning male in breeding season, body turns to darker and head turns to white, pectoral, dorsal and anal fin margins turn to red.
habitats Inhabits any kind of slow running water, including backwater of rivers, lakes, ponds, canals and swamps, prefers vegetated areas. Polyphagia, feeds on water plants, epiphyton and some invertebrates. High tolerance to pollution, low dissolved oxygen and hi 
Distribution Southern Africa. Had been extensively introduced to many countries, including Taiwan. Easy to hybrid with relatives, various strains had been bred, purebred is difficult to find in rivers.