Scientific Name
Ephippus orbis  
Ephippus orbis圓白鯧
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch, 1787) Depth 10 - 30M
Chinese 圓白鯧 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 白鯧科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F465 Ephippidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 白鯧 
Max Length 25 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 銅盤、鯧仔、金鐘(澎湖)、金鯧(新竹) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West 
Habitats Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality East Indies 
Synonyms Chaetodon orbis, Ephippeus orbis, Epippus orbis   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0059344. ASIZP0060394. ASIZP0061728. ASIZP0061986. ASIZP0065140. ASIZP0065141. ASIZP0065142. ASIZP0076097. ASIZP0700391. ASIZP0800821. ASIZP0800822. ASIZP0800823. ASIZP0807016. ASIZP0900165. ASIZP0900459. ASIZP0910821. ASIZP0910822. ASIZP0910823. ASIZP0917016. CAS54835. NMMBP03364. NMMBP06575. NMMSTP00935. NMMSTP01541. NMNSF00453. NMNSF00979. NTUM01319. NTUM04836. NTUM06945. NTUM07028.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2016-01-27,HAN-YANG,CO1,100%
Common Name Orbfish; Spade fish; Round spadefish; Orbiculate spade fish 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body orbicular and strongly compressed. Eye above horizontal axis through mouth. Mouth small, the maxilla not reaching past vertical at front edge of eye; jaws with bands of slender, incisiform teeth with a single lanceolate cusp; no teeth on palatines or vomer. Dorsal fin single, deeply notched before soft-rayed part, with IX spines and 19 or 20 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 15 to 17 soft rays; pectoral fins shorter than head, with 18 or 19 rays; caudal fin truncate. Scales comparatively large and smooth. Lateral line complete, with 39 to 43 scales. Head and body silvery bluegreen; 4 or 5 faint dark blue bars often visible on body; fins dusky.
habitats Inhabits shallow water, over mud bottoms. Feeds on benthic invertebrates and fishes. 
Distribution Widespread in the tropical Indo-West Pacific from Persian Gulf to Natal, South Africa, eastward to India and Lesser Sunda Island, Indonesia, north to Japan and Taiwan, south to northern Australia. It is a common species in weastern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh.