Scientific Name
Promethichthys prometheus  
Promethichthys prometheus紫金魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1832) Depth 80 - 800M
Chinese 紫金魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 帶鰆科 Economic Fish No 
Family F473 Gempylidae Edible Fish No  Chinese In Mainland China 紡錘蛇鯖 
Max Length 100 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 帶梭 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、North、North East 
Habitats Ocean、Deep Sea、Coastal  Holotype Locality St. Helena 
Synonyms Dicrotus armatus, Dicrotus parvipinnis, Gempylus prometheus, Prometheus atlanticus, Promethichthys pacificus, Promethichthys solandri, Promethychthis prometheus, Promethycthus prometeus, Promethycthus prometheus, Prometichthys prometeus, Prometichthys prometheus, Thyrsites ballieui, Thyrsites prometheus ...all 13..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.6(FAO, 2001);Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1831 Arturo, A.P. etc. 1992 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0055043. ASIZP0055653. ASIZP0055654. ASIZP0059826. ASIZP0060043. ASIZP0062317. ASIZP0064126. ASIZP0065117. ASIZP0065118. ASIZP0800781. ASIZP0800782. ASIZP0901296. ASIZP0910781. ASIZP0910782. FRIP00901. FRIP20270. FRIP20433. NMMBP00911. NMMBP01015. NMMBP03514. NMMBP03812. NMMBP04015. NMMBP04233. NMMBP04235. NMMBP04236. NMMBP08607. NMMSTP00771. NMMSTP01644. NMNSF00623. NTUM06725. NTUM07639. NTUM08114. NTUM08115.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Kui-Ching Hsu,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Single-line gemfish; Night serpent; Rabbit-fish; Rabbit fish; Promethean escolar; Sarpon; Snake mackerel; Roudi escolar; Roudi; Bermuda catfish; Conejo 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately elongate and compressed; lower jaw extends slightly anterior to upper jaw; tip of both jaws without dermal processes; strong jaw dentition including 3 or 4 immovable and 0-3 movable fangs anteriorly in upper jaw; 1 shorter fang anteriorly on each side of lower jaw and numerous lateral compressed teeth; no vomerine teeth; palatine teeth present. Spinescent gill rakers on first gill arch with 1 to 3 cusps and many small spines; the angular raker long and triple-rooted. First dorsal fin with XVII to XVIII spines, second dorsal fin with I spine and 17 to 20 soft rays followed by 2 finlets; anal fin with II comprised spines and 15 to 17 soft rays followed by 2 finlets; pectoral fins with 13 or 14 soft rays. A single lateral line running subdorsally from above upper angle of gill opening to under the fourth spine of the first dorsal fin, then abruptly curving down and, from under sixth spine, midlateral to caudal-fin origin. Body greyish to copper brown; fins blackish at more than 40 cm standard length, yellowish with blackish tips in smaller specimens.
habitats Found at continental slopes, around oceanic islands and submarine rises. Migrates to midwater at night. Feeds on fish, cephalopods and crustaceans. 
Distribution Tropical and warm temperate waters of all oceans, but absent from eastern Pacific except at Salay Gomez Ridge. 
Utility No commercial value.