Scientific Name
Gerres macracanthus  
Gerres macracanthus大棘鑽嘴魚
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author Bleeker, 1854 Depth 1 - 30M
Chinese 大棘鑽嘴魚 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 鑽嘴魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F373 Gerreidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 大棘銀鱸 
Max Length 30 cm TL  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 碗米仔 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Jakarta [Batavia], Java, Indonesia 
Synonyms Diapterus macracanthus, Gerres filamentosus, Xystaema macracantha, Xystaema macracanthum   
Reference Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);Fishbase( 2002)  Iwatsuki, Y. etc. 1996 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054731. ASIZP0057532. ASIZP0057677. ASIZP0058242. ASIZP0060287. ASIZP0060974. ASIZP0061965. ASIZP0065213. ASIZP0065762. ASIZP0065771. ASIZP0071267. ASIZP0074805. ASIZP0801115. ASIZP0801116. ASIZP0801117. ASIZP0900020. ASIZP0900114. ASIZP0900439. ASIZP0911115. ASIZP0911116. ASIZP0911117. ASIZP0916922. MTP0168. NMMBP02143. NMMBP02269. NMMBP02437. NMMBP08752. NMMBP08771. NMNSF00368. NMNSF00520. NMNSF00835. NMNSF00870. NTMP0094. NTOUP200910-091. NTOUP201005-229.  
Barcode2008-03-25,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Slender whipfin mojarra 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body compressed, elevated back, deep, its depth 2 to 2.5 times in standard length in larger specimens. Second dorsal-fin spine laterally compressed, produced into a filament, reaching upper lobe of caudal fin when depressed in specimens more than 140 mm SL.; second anal-fin spine much shorter than length of base of anal fin; pectoral fins long, tip of depressed fins reaching to level of first anal-fin spine; caudal fin deeply forked. Scales on lateral line 41 to 43. Body silvery, with 7 to 10 pale dusky bars on upper half of sides, absent in adults. Dorsal fin hyaline except for end of filamentous spine, which is black; anal, caudal, pectoral, and pelvic fins dusky hyaline, tips of anal fin, lower lobe of caudal and pelvic fins white.
habitats Occurs in shallow inshore coastal waters to depths of at least 30 m on sandy bottoms and in estuaries. Schooling; feeds by sieving small vertebrates from sand. 
Distribution Distributed from East Africa to the central Indo-Malayan area, as far east as the Philippines and north to Taiwan and southern Japan. It is found in southwestern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh.