Scientific Name
Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus  
Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus黃點胡椒鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Cuvier, 1830) Depth 3 - 50M
Chinese 黃點胡椒鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石鱸科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F374 Haemulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黃斑胡椒鯛 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 打鐵婆、黃點石鱸、圭誌(澎湖)、番圭誌(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、North East、PonFu、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Diagramma flavomaculatum, Gaterin citronellus, Gaterin flavomaculatus, Gaterin reticulatus, Plectorhinchus reticulatus, Plectorhynchus flavemaculatus, Plectorhynchus flavomaculatus, Plectorinchus flavomaculatus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Cuvier, G. etc. 1830 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0054674. ASIZP0054875. ASIZP0078403. ASIZP0807162. ASIZP0917162. FRIP20538. FRIP21675. FRIP21717. NTMP1086. NTUM04335. USNM00204357.  
Barcode2016-01-26,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Netted sweetlips; Sweetlip; Lemon sweetlips; Lemonfish; Lemon sweetlip 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays XII,20 ; anal-fin rays III, 7 ; pectoral-fin rays16.Golden lines on side of head; body of adults plain, pattern on body of juveniles change from lines to a reticulate pattern, then golden spots before finally disappearing. Juveniles stripes, the stripes breaking up with age and gradually change to the adult pattern.
habitats Inhabits coastal waters near reefs and weedy areas. Adults usually on silty reefs at moderate depths, or in current channels occasionally inshore; juveniles enter estuaries and harbors. Feed on small fishes and crustaceans. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea south to Transkei, South Africa and east to Papua New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to western Australia and New South Wales. Taiwan: South, Penghu, Lyudao, North, North-East.  
Utility Commercial fishery and aquarium species.