Scientific Name
Plectorhinchus gibbosus  
Plectorhinchus gibbosus駝背胡椒鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Lacepède, 1802) Depth 8 - 20M
Chinese 駝背胡椒鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石鱸科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F374 Haemulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 駝背胡椒鯛 
Max Length 75 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 打鐵婆、駝背石鱸 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Samoa 
Synonyms Diagramma crassispinum, Diagramma gibbosus, Gaterin niger, Holocentrus gibbosus, Plectorhinchus gibbosus, Plectorhinchus nigrus, Plectorhynchus crassispinus, Plectorhynchus gibbosus, Plectorhynchus gibbus, Plectorhynchus niger, Plectorhynchus nigrus, Plectorinchus gibbosus, Pristipoma nigrum ...all 16..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001);Fishbase( 2002)  Lacepede, B. G. E. 1802 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0055423. ASIZP0058529. ASIZP0059282. ASIZP0067207. ASIZP0074898. ASIZP0802152. ASIZP0912152. NMMBP05351. NMMBP06281. NMMSTP00576.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Harry hotlips; Black sweet lip;Brown sweetlips 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays XIII-XIV, 15-16;anal-fin rays III, 7-8; pectoral-fin rays 16-17. Body depth 2.35 times in standard length. Juveniles brown to near black with caudal fin pink, mimicking leaves floating in surface waters. Plain grey with dusky margins on fins and gills when adult. Chin with 6 pores and no median pit containing a pore on each side. Chin naked, frequently swollen with age; no antrorse spine; 11-20 gill rakers on first gill arch; pored lateral-line scales 46 to 55; base of soft dorsal fin shorter than head; swimbladder without horn-like extensions anteriorly.
habitats Found in coastal reefs, sandbanks, and near estuaries. Enters freshwater. Small juveniles occur along sheltered sandy shorelines. Adults mainly in protected inshore reefs to deep offshore, sometimes swim in small groups. Feed on benthic animals and fishes 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea to Natal, South Africa; Gulf of Aden and the Persian Gulf eastward to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia; Caroline and Mariana islands in Micronesia. Taiwan: South, Lyudao, North-East. 
Utility Commercial fishery species.