Scientific Name
Plectorhinchus schotaf  
Plectorhinchus schotaf邵氏胡椒鯛
by: Kwang-Tsao Shao
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 80M
Chinese 邵氏胡椒鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 石鱸科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F374 Haemulidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 肖氏胡椒鯛 
Max Length 80 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 打鐵婆、灰石鱸 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、PonFu 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Diagramma durbanense, Diagramma griseum, Diagramma unicolor, Gaterin griseum, Gaterin schotaf, Gaterin sordidum, Plectorhinchus griseus, Plectorhinchus unicolor, Plectorhincus schotof, Plectorhynchus schhotaf, Plectorhynchus schotaf, Sciaena schotaf   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Nakabo T. 2002 Nakabo T. 2002 
Specimen List ASIZP0063383. ASIZP0074828. FRIP21869. FRIP22282.  
Common Name Somber sweetlips; Minstrel; Gray sweetlips; Minstrel sweetlips; Minstrel sweetlip 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays XII, 18-21 ; anal-fin rays III, 7 ; pectoral-fin rays16-17. Swimbladder without horn-like extensions anteriorly. Body uniform grey, brownish or olive, with or without a paler caudal fin, red opercular membrane or dark tips to fins. Soft dorsal fin uniformly coloured. Base of soft dorsal fin equal to or longer than head; juveniles with a faint blue lines below eye and along body.
habitats Found around rocks and corals from the surf zone to a depth of 80 m. Enter estuaries and rivers in Seychelles, Madagascar and South Africa. Juveniles occur in tide pools. Feed on benthic animals and fishes. 
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: eastern Africa south to Port St. Johns, South Africa and east to the western Pacific. Taiwan: South, Penghu.  
Utility Commercial fishery species.