Scientific Name
Kuhlia mugil  
Kuhlia mugil鯔形湯鯉
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forster, 1801) Depth 0 - 40M
Chinese 鯔形湯鯉 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 湯鯉科 Economic Fish No 
Family F400 Kuhliidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 鯔形湯鯉 
Max Length 40 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 國旗仔、美人魚、花尾、烏尾冬仔、銀湯鯉、烏尾冬(臺東)、客鳥(澎湖)、白冬(澎湖)、花尾鰮(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Tahiti 
Synonyms Dules argenteus, Dules bennetti, Dules taeniurus, Dules taeniurus malpeloensis, Kuhila mugil, Kuhlia arge, Kuhlia sterneckii, Kuhlia taehimura, Kuhlia taeniura, Perca argentea, Sciaena mugil   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056771. ASIZP0058566. ASIZP0058767. ASIZP0058815. ASIZP0063451. ASIZP0070412. ASIZP0070948. ASIZP0072783. ASIZP0073182. ASIZP0074315. ASIZP0802429. ASIZP0804356. ASIZP0805455. ASIZP0805607. ASIZP0912429. ASIZP0914356. ASIZP0915455. ASIZP0915607. BPBMI23199. BPBMI23248. FRIP00581. FRIP21372. FRIP22223. FRIP22271. FRIP22331. NMMBP00526. NMMBP00536. NMMBP00581. NMMBP00599. NMMBP00600. NMMBP03973. NMMBP05407. NMMSTP00924. NTMP0281. NTMP0346. NTOUP201006-363. NTUM01159. ...List all 45 records... 
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-10-15,張家豪,CO1,100%
Common Name Barred flagtail; Flagtail; Fiveband flagtail 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body oblong, compressed. Head length less than body depth; preorbital and preopercle margins serrate; 2 flat spines on opercle. Eye moderately large. Mouth small, maxilla extending to or slightly beyond a vertical at front edge of pupil; bands of fine teeth in jaws, vomer, and palatines. A single dorsal fin, deeply notched between spinous and soft-rayed portions, with X spines and 9 to 11 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 10 to 11 soft rays; caudal fin moderately forked. Scales ctenoid, moderately large; lateral line complete, with 48 to 55 scales; a well-developed scaly sheath at base of dorsal and anal fins. Silvery, the front of snout and chin blackish; caudal fin white with a median dark stripe and two broad oblique black bands across each lobe, the lobe tips white; a dusky band in outer part of soft portion of dorsal fin except for white tip of high anterior part.
habitats Tightly packed schools occur along the reef margin of rocky shorelines, from just below the breaking surf to a depth of a few meters. Young commonly in tide pools. Sometimes found in estuaries but reported to never enter freshwater environments. Feeds on  
Distribution Widely distributed in Indo-Pacific and Eastern Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to the eastern Pacific, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales and Lord Howe Island. Absent from Easter Island, Pitcairn, Marquesas, Hawaiian Islands and Johnst 
Utility Utilized fresh or dried salted.