Scientific Name
Gymnocranius euanus  
Gymnocranius euanus真白鱲
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Günther, 1879) Depth 15 - 50M
Chinese 真白鱲 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 龍占魚科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F377 Lethrinidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 真裸頂鯛 
Max Length 45 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 龍尖、龍占舅(澎湖)、白嘉鱲(澎湖) 
Distribution in World Australia   Distribution in Taiwan South、North East、PonFu、Greeb IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Kagoshima, Japan 
Synonyms Gymnocranius japonicus, Monotaxis affinis, Sphaerodon euanus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)  Günther, A. 1879 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0059511. ASIZP0063610. NMMSTP00359.  
Common Name Japanese large eye bream; Japanese sea bream; Japanese large-eye bream; Japan sea bream 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Dorsal-fin rays X, 10; anal-fin rays III, 10; pectoral-fin rays 14. Eye is relatively large, its lower edge well above a line from the tip of the snout to the middle of the caudal fin fork. Caudal fin is moderately forked and with blunt tips. Overall color is silvery white to grayish. The scales of the back and sides have a small brownish basal spot. Prominent black blotches are scattered mainly on the anterior half of the body. A very faint bar is sometimes present below the eye to the lower edge of the cheek. Fins are clear to reddish, the caudal fin sometimes dusky reddish-brown. Faint spots may be evident on the dorsal, caudal, and anal fins.
habitats Occurs over sand and rubble areas adjacent to rock and coral reefs. Feeds on bottom-dwelling gastropods. Caught with bottom longlines and handlines. Marketed fresh. 
Distribution Western Pacific: including southern Japan, South China Sea, Australia, Coral Sea, New Caledonia, and Tonga. Recently reported from Norfolk Island. Taiwan: South, Penghu, Lyudao, North-East.  
Utility Commercial fishery species.