Scientific Name
Lobotes surinamensis  
Lobotes surinamensis松鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch, 1790) Depth 0 - 20M
Chinese 松鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 松鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F372 Lobotidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 松鯛 
Max Length 110 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 打鐵婆、枯葉、石鯽、睡魚、庫羅黛、睏魚、海南洋仔、南洋鱸魚、海吳郭、流魚(澎湖)、柴魚(澎湖)、打鐵鱸(澎湖) 
Distribution in World global   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal、
Holotype Locality Surinam 
Synonyms Bodianus triourus, Holocentrus surinamensis, Labotes pacificus, Lobotes auctorum, Lobotes citrinus, Lobotes erate, Lobotes farkharii, Lobotes incurvus, Lobotes pacificus, Lobotes somnolentus, Lobotus surinamensis   
Reference 墾丁圖鑑(邵等, 1993); 福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)  Gudger, E.W. 1931 Smith, C.L. 1977 Gilhen, J. etc. 1985 朱元鼎 編 1985 Ditty, J.G. etc. 1994 Schmid, H. etc. 1997 
Specimen List ASIZP0054795. ASIZP0055818. ASIZP0058515. ASIZP0059777. ASIZP0060632. ASIZP0070818. ASIZP0070824. ASIZP0073609. ASIZP0074314. ASIZP0080689. ASIZP0804839. ASIZP0804840. ASIZP0805806. ASIZP0806158. ASIZP0914839. ASIZP0914840. ASIZP0915806. ASIZP0916158. BPBMI23331. FRIP20533. FRIP21621. NMMBP02580. NMMBP05172. NMMSTP00544. NTUM00782. NTUM03746. NTUM04874. NTUM06626. USNM00336404.  
Barcode2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,% 2011-01-15,張家豪,CO1,%
Common Name Sleepfish; Triple-tail; Triple tail; Tripletail; Brown triple tail; Conchy leaf; Atlantic tripletail; Bouyfish; Black grunt; Dusky tripletail; Black perch; Dusky triple-tail; Flasher 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately compressed and deep. Head length shorter than body depth. Opercle with 1 or 2 flat spines. Mouth slightly superior, reaching posteriorly to about middle of eye; upper jaw slightly protrusible; jaws with an outer row of short, close-set canines and an inner band of smaller teeth; no teeth on vomer, palatines, or tongue; preopercle coarsely serrate. First gill arch with 6 or 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 13 to 15 on lower limb. A single dorsal fin with XI to XIII strong spines and 13 to 16 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 11 or 12 soft rays; soft dorsal and anal fins large and broadly rounded, reaching past base of caudal fin; caudal peduncle deep. Scales ctenoid and fairly large, covering body and head except for preorbital region and jaws; lateral-line scales 42 to 45. Juveniles brownish and often mottled darker; adults uniform dark brown or olive to mottled yellowish.
habitats Adults inhabit bays, muddy estuaries and lower reaches of large rivers. A sluggish offshore fish that often floats on its side near the surface in the company of floating objects. Occasionally drifts over reefs. Juveniles may occur in floating Sargassum a 
Distribution Tropical and subtropical waters of all oceans. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh, frozen, or salted.