Scientific Name
Lutjanus bengalensis  
Lutjanus bengalensis孟加拉笛鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bloch, 1790) Depth 10 - 30M
Chinese 孟加拉笛鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 笛鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F370 Lutjanidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 孟加拉灣笛鯛 
Max Length 30 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 赤筆仔、黃雞母(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan South 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Coastal  Holotype Locality Bengal 
Synonyms Diacope octolineata, Diacope octovittata, Holocentrus bengalensis, Labrus octovittatus, Mesoprion pomacanthus   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Iwatsuki, Y. etc. 1999 
Specimen List ASIZP0055897. ASIZP0056100. ASIZP0058444. ASIZP0058445. ASIZP0063457. ASIZP0065778. ASIZP0070116. ASIZP0070119. ASIZP0801088. ASIZP0802464. ASIZP0804160. ASIZP0804161. ASIZP0911088. ASIZP0912464. ASIZP0914160. ASIZP0914161. FRIP00651. FRIP20249. FRIP21526. NMMSTP00513. NTMP0263. NTMP1199. NTMP1453. NTUM07623.  
Barcode2012-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100% 2012-01-15,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,100%
Common Name Red snapper; Bengal snapper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body fusiform, slender to moderately deep. Snout somewhat pointed; preorbital bone relatively narrow; its width usually less than eye diameter; preopercular notch and knob well developed; vomerine tooth patch crescentic, without a medial posterior extension; tongue smooth, without teeth; gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) 17 to 19, total gill rakers on first arch 26 to 28. Dorsal fin with X spines and 12 to 14 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 8 soft rays; posterior profile and anal fins moderately pointed; pectoral fins with 16 or 17 rays; caudal fin emarginate. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Color generally bright yellow on the upper half of the body and white ventrally; upper sides with four blue stripes, the uppermost extending from the upper edge of the opercle to the base of the last dorsal rays, and the lowermost from the rear edge of the eye to the middle of the caudal peduncle. The medial fins yellow; the pectoral and pelvic fins whitish.
habitats Mainly inhabits coral and rocky reefs. Sometimes forms small aggregations around rocky outcrops and coral heads during daylight hours. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans. 
Distribution Distributed in the Indo-West Pacific from Sumatra to East Africa and the Red Sea northward to the Ryukyu Islands. It is a common species in southern Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed mostly fresh.