Scientific Name
Lutjanus gibbus  
Lutjanus gibbus隆背笛鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 1 - 150M
Chinese 隆背笛鯛 Poisonous Fish Yes 
Family_Chinese 笛鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F370 Lutjanidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 隆背笛鯛 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 紅雞仔、海豚哥、紅魚仔、紅雞魚、鐵汕婆(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、West、South、North、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal  Holotype Locality Arabia 
Synonyms Anthias heraldi, Diacope axillaris, Diacope borensis, Diacope coccinea, Diacope lineata, Diacope melanura, Diacope rosea, Diacope striata, Diacope tiea, Genyoroge bidens, Lutianus gibbus, Lutianus tahitiensis, Lutjanus coccineus ...all 16..  
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Forsskål, P. 1775 Heemstra, P.C. 1972 Phillip C. Heemstra 1972 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0055685. ASIZP0055899. ASIZP0060285. ASIZP0066141. ASIZP0066481. ASIZP0066580. ASIZP0070913. ASIZP0074172. ASIZP0700075. ASIZP0700404. ASIZP0801803. ASIZP0801894. ASIZP0801895. ASIZP0804398. ASIZP0911803. ASIZP0911894. ASIZP0911895. ASIZP0914398. FRIP21440. NMMBP00640. NMMBP00648. NMMBP02276. NMMSTP00373. NTMP0270. NTMP1198. NTOU-AE6003. NTUM00959. NTUM00961. NTUM06644. ZMH15547.  
Barcode2012-01-15,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-02,柯慧玲,CO1,100% 2012-01-08,柯慧玲,CO1,100%
Common Name Paddle tail snapper; Snapper; Paddle-tail; Red snapper; Paddle-tail snapper; Paddletail; Humpback snapper; Humpback redsnapper; Humpback red snapper; Humphead snapper; Hunched snapper 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body relatively deep. Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped; preorbital bone broad, much wider than eye diameter; preopercular notch and knob well developed; vomerine tooth patch crescentic, without a medial posterior extension; tongue smooth, without teeth; gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) 15 to 20, total rakers on first gill arch 25 to 30. Dorsal fin with X spines and 13 or 14 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 8 soft rays; posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins pointed; pectoral fins with 16 or 17 rays; caudal fin distinctly forked with rounded lobes. Scale rows on back rising obliquely both, above and below the lateral line. Body red or grey, darker on back and upper portion of head; an orange hue on lower part of opercle and in pectoral fin axil; fins red or frequently dark brown to blackish; soft part of dorsal fin, anal and caudal fins with a narrow white margin; juveniles with a large round, black spot at base of caudal fin.
habitats Mainly inhabits coral reefs, sometimes forming large aggregations, which are mostly stationary during the day. Juveniles occur in seagrass beds, also in mixed sand and coral habitats of shallow sheltered reefs. Sub-adults commonly form very large schools  
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from Red Sea and East Africa to the Society and Line islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. It is common in waters around Taiwan. 
Utility Marketed fresh.