Scientific Name
Lutjanus russellii  
Lutjanus russellii勒氏笛鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Bleeker, 1849) Depth 1 - 80M
Chinese 勒氏笛鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 笛鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F370 Lutjanidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 勒氏笛鯛 
Max Length 50 cm  Aquarium Fish No  Common Name 加規、火點、海雞母(臺東)、烏點仔(澎湖)、紅花仔(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan West、South、North、North East、PonFu、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、
Holotype Locality Malay-Moluccan Archipelago 
Synonyms Lutianus nishikawae, Lutianus orientalis, Lutianus russelli, Lutjanus monostigma, Lutjanus russelli, Mesoprion russellii   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993);福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985);楊鴻嘉圖鑑 (金)  朱元鼎 編 1984 朱元鼎 編 1985 楊鴻嘉, 楊誠國 1990 楊鴻嘉, 陳良德 1993 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 楊鴻嘉, 陳良德 1995 楊鴻嘉, 張寶仁 1996 
Specimen List ASIZP0055458. ASIZP0055655. ASIZP0055759. ASIZP0056105. ASIZP0056106. ASIZP0058980. ASIZP0059478. ASIZP0060744. ASIZP0061999. ASIZP0062807. ASIZP0064832. ASIZP0064974. ASIZP0067529. ASIZP0069622. ASIZP0074389. ASIZP0078811. ASIZP0079254. ASIZP0079504. ASIZP0080515. ASIZP0700181. ASIZP0800324. ASIZP0800327. ASIZP0802715. ASIZP0807444. ASIZP0900471. ASIZP0912715. ASIZP0917444. FRIP00665. FRIP03081. FRIP21185. FRIP21458. FRIP22396. NMMBP00638. NMMBP00670. NMMBP02113. NMMBP03085. NMMBP04441. ...List all 57 records... 
Barcode2015-11-01,Yu-Ming Shih,CO1,100% 2016-07-15,Yung-Chieh,CO1,100%
Common Name Snapper; Russel's snapper; Russell's one spot snapper; Russell's snapper; Moses perch 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body moderately deep to somewhat slender. Dorsal profile of head steeply to moderately sloped; preorbital width about equal to, or slightly less than eye diameter; preopercular notch and knob poorly developed; vomerine tooth patch triangular, with a medial posterior extension or diamond-shaped; tongue with a patch of granular teeth; gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) 7 to 11, total rakers on first gill arch 13 to 18. Dorsal fin with X spines and 14 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 8 soft rays; posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins rounded (anal fin sometimes angular); pectoral fins with 16 or 17 rays; caudal fin truncate or slightly emarginate. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Generally whitish or pink with silvery sheen, frequently brownish on the upper part of the head and back. A black spot which is sometimes faint, is on the lateral line below the anterior portions of the soft dorsal fin. Juveniles from the western Pacific whitish with four black stripes on sides and with a round black spot on upper back.
habitats Inhabits offshore coral reefs and also inshore rocky and coral reefs. Juveniles frequent mangrove estuaries and lower reaches of freshwater streams. Adults on clear outer reefs at moderate depths, usually over 20 m, and is more common in about 50 m depth. 
Distribution Widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from East Africa to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. It is a common species in Taiwan and present in all coastal waters. 
Utility Excellent food fish. Marketed fresh; live fish markets in Hong Kong.