Scientific Name
Macolor niger  
Macolor niger黑背羽鰓笛鯛
by: Lab of Fish Ecol. and Evo., BRCAS
Author (Forsskål, 1775) Depth 3 - 90M
Chinese 黑背羽鰓笛鯛 Poisonous Fish No 
Family_Chinese 笛鯛科 Economic Fish Yes 
Family F370 Lutjanidae Edible Fish Yes  Chinese In Mainland China 黑體羽鰓笛鯛 
Max Length 60 cm  Aquarium Fish Yes  Common Name 琉球黑毛、黑雞仔、黑加脊、黑加誌、厚嘴唇(臺東)、番毛(澎湖) 
Distribution in World India Ocean to Pacific Ocean   Distribution in Taiwan East、South、LanI Is.、Greeb IS.、Tung Sa IS.、Nan Sa IS. 
Habitats Coral、Coastal、Lagoon  Holotype Locality Red Sea 
Synonyms Diacope macolor, Macolor macolor, Macolor macularis, Macolor typus, Sciaena nigra   
Reference 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)  Forsskål, P. 1775 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 
Specimen List ASIZP0056345. ASIZP0058253. ASIZP0061381. ASIZP0070742. ASIZP0805836. ASIZP0915836. FRIP00663. FRIP21133. FRIP21264. NMMBP06503. NMMSTP01001. NTOUP201006-353. NTUM04481.  
Barcode2015-10-23,Chia-Hao Chang,CO1,%
Common Name Black & white snapper; Black snapper; Black-and-white snapper; Black and white seaperch; Black and white snapper; Black beauty 
Redlist Status NL Not in IUCN Redlist     
Characteristic Body relatively deep. Head profile markedly convex; preorbital bone broader than eye diameter; mouth large, the maxilla extending to below anterior half of eye; a deep notch on lower edge of preopercle; a row of conical teeth in jaws, enlarged anteriorly and inner bands of villiform teeth on sides of upper jaw and front of lower jaw; vomerine tooth patch broadly Vshaped; gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) about 60 to 70. Dorsal fin with X spines and 14 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 11 soft rays; posterior lobes of dorsal and anal fins distinctly pointed; pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus, with 17 or 18 rays; caudal fin emarginate. Scales moderate-sized, about 50 to 56 in lateral line. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Juveniles with a black bar through eye, black pectoral fins and a black stripe from pectoral region to lower caudal lobe. Larger juveniles with 3 to 6 white spots on back. Adults dark grey to almost black
habitats Inhabits steep outer walls of lagoon, channel and seaward slopes. Juveniles are solitary, adults in large schools. Feeds on fishes and crustaceans. 
Distribution Widely. distributed in the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean from Samoa to East Africa, and from the Ryukyu Islands southward to Australia. It is found in eastern and southern Taiwanese waters. 
Utility Marketed fresh.